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see elephantiasiselephantiasis
, abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area (see lymphatic system), usually affecting the arms, legs, or external genitals.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



any one of several helminthic diseases of man and animals caused by the roundworms filariae.

Filariases of man occur mainly in tropical countries; they do not occur in the USSR. The source of the infection which is transmitted by arthropods, such as Nematocera and Tabanidae, is an infected person or animal. The principal types of filariases in humans are wuchereriasis, Malayan filariasis, loaiasis, and onchocerciasis. Among the manifestations of infection are fever, skin rashes and ulcers, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, elephantiasis of the arms, legs, and scrotum, and affection of the eyes. Treatment consists of medications such as diethylcarbamazine, suramin sodium, and desensitizing preparations. Preventive measures include the elimination of the seats of infection through the control of the transmitters and protection against insect bites with heavy clothing and repellents.

Filariases of animals—horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and camels—occur in many countries and in southern regions of the USSR. The most common and dangerous ones are onchocerciasis, setariasis, and cutaneous filaroid infection.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A disease due to the presence of hairlike nematodes (filariae) in humans, including Wuchereria bancrofti, W. pacifica, and Onchocerca volvulus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) (Infectious Disease) pipeline guide helps in identifying and tracking emerging players in the market and their portfolios, enhances decision making capabilities and helps to create effective counter strategies to gain competitive advantage.
Mass drug administration coverage evaluation survey for lymphatic filariasis in Bagalkot and Gulbarga districts.
Nutman, "Insights into the pathogenesis of disease in human lymphatic filariasis," Lymphatic Research and Biology, vol.
The discovery of DEC in 1947 was a major breakthrough in the elimination of lymphatic filariasis. After extensive mass testing, Japanese scientists achieved elimination of lymphatic filariasis in 1978.
Coverage, compliance and some operational issues of mass drug administration during the programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Orissa, India.
Simulation model for lymphatic filariasis transmission and control [10, 11] suggests that the impact of mass treatment depends strongly on the mosquito biting rate and on the assumed coverage, compliance, and efficacy; sensitivity analysis showed that some biological parameters strongly influence the predicted equilibrium pretreatment mf prevalence.
[35] World Health Organization, "Lymphatic filariasis," Fourth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Filariasis, Geneva, Switzerland, 1984.
[USPRwire, Wed Sep 09 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis)'s therapeutic pipeline.
Lindsay added that since many of the world's major vector-borne diseases, such as dengue, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease and lymphatic filariasis, are transmitted indoors, more modern and enclosed housing would also offer vital protection against several other dangerous infections.
They conducted a pilot study in Cameroon, where health officials have been battling the filarial, or parasitic worm, diseases onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis.
[ClickPress, Wed Mar 11 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis) - Pipeline Review, H1 2015', provides an overview of the Elephantiasis (Lymphatic Filariasis)'s therapeutic pipeline.
In addition, disease control efforts have led to significant progress toward the elimination of malaria in Haiti as well as the elimination of lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic infection that leads to elephantiasis.