filariasis

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filariasis:

see elephantiasiselephantiasis
, abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area (see lymphatic system), usually affecting the arms, legs, or external genitals.
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Filariasis

 

any one of several helminthic diseases of man and animals caused by the roundworms filariae.

Filariases of man occur mainly in tropical countries; they do not occur in the USSR. The source of the infection which is transmitted by arthropods, such as Nematocera and Tabanidae, is an infected person or animal. The principal types of filariases in humans are wuchereriasis, Malayan filariasis, loaiasis, and onchocerciasis. Among the manifestations of infection are fever, skin rashes and ulcers, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, elephantiasis of the arms, legs, and scrotum, and affection of the eyes. Treatment consists of medications such as diethylcarbamazine, suramin sodium, and desensitizing preparations. Preventive measures include the elimination of the seats of infection through the control of the transmitters and protection against insect bites with heavy clothing and repellents.

Filariases of animals—horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and camels—occur in many countries and in southern regions of the USSR. The most common and dangerous ones are onchocerciasis, setariasis, and cutaneous filaroid infection.

filariasis

[‚fil·ə′rī·ə·səs]
(medicine)
A disease due to the presence of hairlike nematodes (filariae) in humans, including Wuchereria bancrofti, W. pacifica, and Onchocerca volvulus.
References in periodicals archive ?
In support of the World Health Organisation (WHO)'s programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis by 2020, Eisai is supplying diethylcarbamazine (DEC) free of charge to the WHO.
Our study quantifies the effect of the most widely implemented vector control measure - insecticide-treated bed nets - and highlights the importance of integrating this type of intervention as a part of the global strategy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis," senior author and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine professor James Kazura, said.
In support of the London Declaration and the WHO's program to eliminate lymphatic filariasis, Eisai has signed an agreement with the WHO to extend its support until 2020, during which Eisai will supply free of charge 2.
4 million cases of tuberculosis; and 240 million patients have received preventive treatment for lymphatic filariasis.
The term chronic lymphatic filariasis (CLF) refers to the clinical signs of Recurrent Acute Dermatolymphagioadenitis (ADLA) and Lymphoedema (Hydrocele-swollen scrotum, Elephantiasis-swollen legs, breasts or genitals) endured by sufferers of the condition.
Spread of lymphatic filariasis, re-emergence of leishmaniasis & threat of babesiosis in India.
With its new 10-year strategy, the TDR--responsible over the last three decades for containing diseases such as leprosy, onchocerciasis (that causes river blindness), Changas disease, lymphatic filariasis, and visceral leishmaniasis--will confront the biggest challenges of the global health community: getting poor people access to primary health treatments.
They include lymphatic filariasis or elephantiasis, which causes grossly enlarged legs and genitals, and onchocerciasis, better known as river blindness, a cause of skin disease and blindness.
Shopkeepers Kancha and Kachra Vaghela from Rugby were stunned after seeing horrifying pictures of Kancha's brother, Vasant Solanki, who is suffering from lymphatic filariasis (LF) - commonly known as elephantiasis.
The diseases are trachoma (blinding eye infection), soil-transmitted helminths (hookworm, ascaris, trichuris), onchocerciasis (river blindness), schistosomiasis (snail fever), and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis).