Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron

Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron,

1772–1863, British jurist, b. Boston, Mass.; son of John Singleton CopleyCopley, John Singleton
, 1738–1815, American portrait painter, b. Boston. Copley is considered the greatest of the American old masters. He studied with his stepfather, Peter Pelham, and undoubtedly frequented the studios of Smibert and Feke.
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, the American painter. Educated in England, he was called to the bar in 1804. He attained notice by his successful defense of Arthur ThistlewoodThistlewood, Arthur,
1770–1820, British conspirator. He acquired revolutionary views while traveling in France and America and, after his return to England, joined the revolutionary Spencean Society (see Spence, Thomas) in London.
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 and James Watson (1817). He entered (1818) Parliament, became solicitor general (1819), attorney general (1824), and master of the rolls (1826). Between 1827 and 1846 he was three times lord chancellor. Although he defended radicals earlier in his career, in political life he was a Tory and a leader of his party in the House of Lords.

Bibliography

See biography by Sir Theodore Martin (1883).

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