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Fr. Lyon (both: lyôN`), city (1990 pop. 422,444), capital of Rhône dept., E central France, at the confluence of the Rhône and Saône rivers. As an economic center and a densely populated metropolis it is second only to Paris. Historically important as a commercial, financial, and silk-weaving center—a stock exchange was founded there in 1506—Lyons is a river port with automobile, chemical, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and software industries. The city has many institutions of higher education and fine museums. It is a popular year-round tourist center, and it is linked to Paris by a high-speed rail line. The headquarters of InterpolInterpol,
acronym for the International Criminal Police Organization, a worldwide clearinghouse for police information. Conceived in 1914, Interpol was formally established in 1923 with headquarters at Vienna.
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 are in Lyons.

Founded in 43 B.C. as a Roman colony, ancient Lugdunum soon became the principal city of GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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. There Christianity was first introduced into Gaul, and the importance of Lyons until c.1300 was chiefly religious. One of the earliest archiepiscopal sees in France, Lyons (which after the breakup of the Carolingian empire passed to the kingdom of Arles) was ruled by its archbishops until c.1307, when Philip IV incorporated the city and LyonnaisLyonnais
, region and former province, E central France, now divided into the Rhône and Loire depts. It included Lyonnais proper (the region around Lyons, its capital), which Philip IV acquired c.
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 proper into the French crownlands. Of great importance were the emergence (12th cent.) of the WaldensesWaldenses
or Waldensians,
Protestant religious group of medieval origin, called in French Vaudois. They originated in the late 12th cent. as the Poor Men of Lyons, a band organized by Peter Waldo, a wealthy merchant of Lyons, who gave away his property (c.
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 and the councils held there in 1245 and 1274.

Lyons became a silk center in the 15th cent. The industry was pre-eminent by the 17th cent., and reached its peak in the 19th cent. In 1793, Lyons was devastated by French Revolutionary troops after a counterrevolutionary insurrection, but it recovered quickly thanks to the invention of the Jacquard loom. During the German occupation in World War II (1940–44), Lyons was the capital of the French resistance movement. In 1987, Klaus Barbie ("The Butcher of Lyons"), who was head of the Gestapo in Lyons from 1942 to 1944, was tried and sentenced to life imprisonment for crimes against humanity.

A handsome modern city, Lyons has preserved interesting old sections, notably around the primatial Cathedral of St. John (12th–14th cent.). Its 1831 opera house has undergone a renovation (completed 1993) that included the controversial addition of a glass dome to the original carved stone structure. The large glass, steel, and concrete Confluence Museum (2014), situated on the tip of the peninsula where the city's two rivers meet, features social and natural science exhibits. Annual international trade fairs are held at Lyons.


(lī`ənz), village (1990 pop. 9,828), Cook co., NE Ill., a residential suburb of Chicago, on the Des Plaines River; inc. 1888. Lyons was settled at the edge of an early travel route, the portage between the Chicago and the Des Plaines rivers.


Joseph Aloysius. 1879--1939, Australian statesman; prime minister of Australia (1931--39)
References in periodicals archive ?
Enid Lyons had come to the end of her life and was witnessing her Christian faith --which had been mainstream when she was a child--now a diminishing reality among the signposts of public morality.
Miss Larton said another car was forced to make an emergency stop and Lyons accelerated up to 70mph.
However, a few obvious facts are overlooked in such a glib assessment, and it must not be forgotten how the Australian public at the time perceived Lyons very differently.
The Lyons clan has been in fear of another attack following the shooting which left Michael dead, Eddie's son Stephen, 26, seriously injured, and associate Robert Pickett, 41, badly wounded.
Highlands physical-education teacher Cheryl Lyons sent students indoors -- none of them suffering ill effects.
Lyons explains, "The semiconductor industry is still in a period of overcapacity.
Lyons uses memoirs, biographies, and correspondence; and he takes them where he finds them, early or late in the century.
with Green Silk, a piece created in Lyons alongside 32 Janvier, a French band.
Chapter 1 discusses the rediscovery of Sappho in Renaissance Lyons and the interest it stirred in the editing world.
We have 500 Lyons fridge caddys, complete with measuring scoop and a 227g pack of Lyons Original coffee, to give away.
And, as early as 1964, Lyons designated its mediaeval and Renaissance core a secteur sauvegarde - one of the first conservation areas in France.
As a freshman student at Central Arizona College in Coolidge, just south of Phoenix, Arizona, Lyons has her sights set on the American National College Track and Field Championships, both this year and in 1997.