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Lysimachus(līsĭm`əkəs), c.355–281 B.C., Thessalian general of Alexander the Great. He was a commander in Alexander's fleet on the Hydaspes as well as his bodyguard. On Alexander's death (323 B.C.) Lysimachus took control of Thrace. He joined (314 B.C.) the other Diadochi—CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
..... Click the link for more information. , Ptolemy IPtolemy I
(Ptolemy Soter) , d. 284 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, the first ruler of the Macedonian dynasty (or Lagid dynasty), son of a Macedonian named Lagus. He was one of the leading generals of Alexander the Great, and after Alexander's death (323 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
..... Click the link for more information. —in the league against Antigonus IAntigonus I
(Antigonus the One-Eyed or Antigonus Cyclops) , 382?–301 B.C., general of Alexander the Great and ruler in Asia. He was made (333 B.C.) governor of Phrygia, and after the death of Alexander he was advanced by the friendship of Antipater, who with Ptolemy I and
..... Click the link for more information. , and after the defeat of Antigonus at Ipsus, Lysimachus took W Asia Minor as his share (301 B.C.). In 286 B.C. he added Macedon to his kingdom by defeating Pyrrhus. Five years later Lysimachus was defeated in a war with Seleucus and was killed in battle at Corupedium near Magnesia ad Sipylum. A legend says that Lysimachus' wife, Arsinoë (daughter of Ptolemy I), persuaded him to kill his son by a former marriage and that the son's widow took refuge with Seleucus and provoked the final war.
Born 361 B.C.; died 281 B.C., in Corupedium, Phrygia. Military leader under Alexander the Great; after the death of Alexander in 323, Lysimachus became ruler of Thrace.
During the struggle of the Diadochi for power, Lysimachus joined a coalition of Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Cassander in 315 and fought against Antigonus. The war led to a second partition of the legacy of Alexander the Great. This time Lysimachus added to his possessions the Hellespont coast. In 306 he proclaimed himself king along with the other Diadochi. From 303 to 301, Lysimachus fought alongside his former allies in a successful struggle against Antigonus (Antigonus I the One-Eyed) and his son Demetrius I Poliorcetes in Asia Minor. As a result, Lysimachus added to his domain a number of regions of Asia Minor. (Antigonus I perished in 301 in a battle near Ipsus.) In 287 and 286, Lysimachus and King Pyrrhus of Epirus pushed Demetrius I out of Macedonia and subjugated the territory. His wars in the north against the Hittites and King Eumel of the Bosporus were unsuccessful. Lysimachus died in battle against Seleucus I Nicator; his army was crushed, and the state collapsed.