Lythraceae


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Lythraceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are grasses, more rarely bushes and trees. The leaves are usually opposite, less often verticulate, at times sequential; they are integral and either lack stipules or have very small ones. The blossoms are bisexual and solitary or gathered in a ring, brush, or dichasium. The gynecium is composed of two to six seed leaves, with the germ at the top; the fruit is usually a pod.

There are approximately 25 genera and more than 500 species, primarily in tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in the tropics of America. In the USSR there are five genera including some 25 species, of which 14 are of the genus Lythrum. Lythraceae from the genera Rothala and Ammania are weeds in rice fields. Lythraceae give valuable wood in some tropical varieties, such as the Brazilian rose-wood (Physocalymma scaberrimum). There are also some varieties that produce dyes, including Lawsonia, which gives henna. Certain Lythraceae are cultivated as decorative plants.

REFERENCES

Afanas’ev, K. S. “Derbennikovye—Lythraceae Lindl.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 15. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kobayashi, Sarusubine A, a new dimeric Lythraceae alkaloid from Lagerstroemia subcostata, Tetrahedron Lett., 48, 7502 (2007).
The second case that showed a connection with the Old World was found in Ginoria, the ITS phylogeny supports Tetrataxis (Lythraceae) (unispecific genus endemic to Mauritius Island, Indian Ocean) as part of a clade that has five of the species of Ginoria.
Hilaire (Lythraceae) extracts and ellagic acid reduced most of the phenotypes of experimental ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation [16], and Punica granatum (Lythraceae) fruit extract reduced the airway inflammation during LPS-induced ALI in mice [17].
The Fabaceae family contributed 6 plants, followed by the Lamiaceae with 4 plants, and Lythraceae and Zingiberaceae families with 3 plants per family.
Thomas 1745 Ammania robusta Heer Lythraceae Clark W.E.
SINCE THE 1960s, it has been recognized that several species from the genus Cuphea (family Lythraceae) produce seed uniquely rich in medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) (Miller et al., 1964).
4 Dicotyledon families, Acanthaceae to Lythraceae. Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Publications.