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a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are grasses, more rarely bushes and trees. The leaves are usually opposite, less often verticulate, at times sequential; they are integral and either lack stipules or have very small ones. The blossoms are bisexual and solitary or gathered in a ring, brush, or dichasium. The gynecium is composed of two to six seed leaves, with the germ at the top; the fruit is usually a pod.

There are approximately 25 genera and more than 500 species, primarily in tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in the tropics of America. In the USSR there are five genera including some 25 species, of which 14 are of the genus Lythrum. Lythraceae from the genera Rothala and Ammania are weeds in rice fields. Lythraceae give valuable wood in some tropical varieties, such as the Brazilian rose-wood (Physocalymma scaberrimum). There are also some varieties that produce dyes, including Lawsonia, which gives henna. Certain Lythraceae are cultivated as decorative plants.


Afanas’ev, K. S. “Derbennikovye—Lythraceae Lindl.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 15. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
pertence a familia Lythraceae, sendo fruteira de porte arbustivo, com provavel centro de origem na Asia, proximo a regiao do mediterraneo.
The Lythraceae have been incorporated in a number of molecular phylogenetic and dating analyses (e.
Asphodelus fistulosus 0,26% 0,29% Lilium sp 0,78% 0,99% 0,58% 0,74% Otras Liliaceae 0,15% 0,17% LYTHRACEAE Lytrhum salicaria 0,33% 0,49% 0,00% 0,00% MYRTACEAE Myrtus communis 4,09% 5,66% 7,05% 11,97% OLEACEAE Ligustrum vulgare 0,80% 0,95% 0,62% 1,07% Olea europea 0,84% 2,55% ONAGRACEAE Epilobium parviflorum 0,20% 0,26% OXALIDACEAE Oxalis sp.
avi, habin A HERNANDIACEAE Gyrocarpus palo blanco A jatrophifolius Domin LAURACEAE Nectandra salicifolia laurel A (Kunth) Nees Ocotea cernua (Nees) Mez laurelillo A LYTHRACEAE Ginoria nudiflora (Hemsley) Koehne guayabillo A MALPIGHIACEAE Byrsonima crassifolia nanche A (L.
Schoen 59 Ammania robusta Heer & Lythraceae Floyd, W.
which belongs to subfamily Duabangoideae, family Lythraceae is a member of a tropical African and Southeast Asian tree (Graham et al.
Sonneratia (Sonneratiaceae) is a genus of mangrove plants belonging to the Lythraceae family.
Morphological convergence of these primarily aquatic taxa is a difficult obstacle to overcome in determining true relationships, just as it has been a problem in clarifying relationships among several morphologically similar modern aquatic genera of the Lythraceae (Graham et al.
Estas son: Aristolochiaceae, Boraginaceae, Bromeliaceae, Burseraceae, Convolvulaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Lythraceae, Passifloraceae y Tiliaceae.
The identified families Caesalpiniaceae, Combretaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lythraceae, Malvaceae, Mimosaceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae and Rutaceae.