Mármol, José(hōsā` mär`môl), 1817–71, Argentine writer of the romantic school. His invectives against Juan Manuel de Rosas earned him the nickname "the poetic hangman of Rosas." He was imprisoned by Rosas in 1839 and later fled to Montevideo, where he lived until the overthrow of the dictator. Mármol's fame rests primarily upon his novel La Amalia (1851–55, tr. 1919), which, despite its stilted style, presents a powerful description of the tyranny of Rosas. He also wrote El peregrino (1847) [the pilgrim], a long poem in imitation of Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage.
Born Dec. 2, 1818, in Buenos Aires; died there Aug. 9, 1871. Argentine writer.
Mármol studied at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1838 he joined the secret revolutionary society Young Argentina (May Association). Marmol belonged to the 1837 generation of Argentine romantic writers. During his exile in Uruguay and Brazil from 1840 to 1852, he devoted his work to the struggle against the Rosas dictatorship. His poem Songs of a Wanderer (1847) and his book of poetry Harmonies (1851) are imbued with a passionate love for his homeland and a hatred of tyranny. Marmol’s historical novelAmalia (1855; Russian translation, Friends Are Worse Than Enemies, 1868), which romantically depicts the patriotic struggle against the Rosas dictatorship, was the first national novel in Argentine literature.
WORKSPoesias completas, vols. 1-2. Buenos Aires, 1946.
In Russian translation:
Amaliia. Foreword by Z. Plavskin and L. A. Shur. Moscow, 1961.
“Rosasu, 25 maia.” In Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.
REFERENCEHistoria de la literatura argentina, vol. 2. Buenos Aires, 1959.
L. A. SHUR