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(both: mö`ən), island (1992 pop. 11,187), 84 sq mi (218 sq km), SE Denmark, in the Baltic Sea, S of Sjælland and NE of Falster. Stege is the main town. Møn is largely agricultural; sugar beets are the main crop, and cattle are also raised. At the island's eastern point are the Møns Klint, scenic white chalk cliffs that rise to 420 ft (128 m). This area is also covered with beech forests.



a people living in southern Burma (more than 400,000) and southwestern Thailand (about 90,000; figures are 1970 estimates). They migrated from Burma to Thailand in the 18th century. The Mon language belongs to the Mon-Khmer group; the written language dates to the sixth century A.D.

The Mon are Buddhists of the southern faction. They are one of the most ancient peoples of Indochina; early states (among them Dvaravati) formed among the Mon. The Burmese penetration of the Mon country from the north began in the late first millennium A.D.; the Burmese destroyed the Mon state in the mid-18th century. The Mon exerted a great cultural influence on the Burmese. Some Mon in Burma are being assimilated by the Burmese and Karen. Their main occupation is irrigated rice cultivation, and crafts (such as pottery-making) are well developed.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.



an island in the Baltic Sea; part of the Danish archipelago. Area, 218 sq km. It has a low-lying terrain with morainic ridges up to 143 m high. A significant part of the island is under cultivation (grains, sugar beets, and fodder grasses). Stege is Møn’s principal town.

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