Mývatn


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mývatn

 

(in Icelandic, literally “mosquito lake”), a lake in northeastern Iceland. Area, 38 sq km; maximum depth, 4.5 m; elevation of surface, 277 m. The lake occupies an ancient glacial basin, dammed up by a lava flow. The water, which is light blue, is distinctive because of its great clarity. The lake is drained by the Laxa River (length, 58 km) into the Greenland Sea. Myvatn contains many volcanic islands; individual craters have heights of 20–30 m. Fumaroles are found by the eastern shore. Clouds of mosquitoes swarm over Myvatn in the summer; this gave the lake its name. There is tourism.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.