Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

(redirected from M.W. Pretorius)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pretorius, Marthinus Wessel


Born Sept. 17, 1819, near Graaff-Reinet, Cape Province; died May 19, 1901, in Potchefstroom. Boer politician. Son of A. W. J. Pretorius.

Pretorius was one of the leaders of the Boer colonization of the lands north of the Vaal River that belonged to the Africans. He helped create the South African Republic (Transvaal). From 1857 to 1860 and from 1864 to 1871, Pretorius served as president of the South African Republic (SAR). He was president of the Orange Free State from 1860 to 1863. Pretorius helped lead the Boer struggle against British annexation of the SAR. In 1881 he signed an agreement with British representatives that affirmed British recognition of the independence of the SAR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.