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Macao,China: see MacauMacau
, Port. Macau, Mandarin Aomen, special administrative region of China, formerly administered by Portugal (2015 est. pop. 601,000), 10.8 sq mi (28.2 sq km), adjoining Guangdong prov.
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(Aomen), territory on the southeastern coast of China, including the Aomen Peninsula and the islands of Taipa and Kuoloane in the estuary of the Canton River (South China Sea). Portuguese possession. Area, 16 sq km. Population, 260,000 according to a 1968 estimate; primarily Chinese. The Portuguese population is 8,000. The main city is Aomen (Macao).
The economy of Macao is based primarily on international financial and commercial brokerage operations; it is one of the centers of the capitalist market in gold and opium. Trade—mainly transit—is conducted with the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong (Hsiangkang), the USA, Canada, and other countries. Macao exports fish, rice, silk, tobacco, tea, and decorative handicraft articles. Industry is small (production of matches, foodstuffs, and handmade articles— lanterns, firecrackers, and so on).
The first Portuguese appeared in Macao at the very beginning of the 16th century. In 1557, Portugal leased Macao from China, although the latter retained sovereign rights. However, the Portuguese colonizers violated the agreement, and in 1680 a Portuguese governor was appointed to Macao. In 1849 the Portuguese government declared Macao independent of China. In 1940, Japan established control over the territory. After Japan’s defeat in World War II (1945), Macao came under Portuguese rule again. In 1951 it received the status of an overseas territory of Portugal.
A. M. KHAZANOV
a territory in southern China, on the South China Sea, near the Chu Chiang delta. The Chinese name for it is Aomen.