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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(according to some sources, Niskin or Niskinia, “a short man”), a prince of the Drevliane. He is mentioned in the Primary Chronicle under the year 945 as the leader of the Drevliane, who rebelled against the tribute levied by Great Prince Igor of Kiev. After Igor was slain, the Drevliane wanted to marry Mai to Igor’s widow, Princess Ol’ga. After ravaging the land of the Drevliane in 946, Ol’ga’s forces pressed on to Iskorosten’, where Mai was hiding. The city was captured and Prince Mai was executed on Ol’ga’s order.


Shakhmatov, A. A. Razyskaniia o drevneishikh russkikh letopisnykh svodakh. St. Petersburg, 1908. Pages 340-78.
Shakhmatov, A. A. “Mstislav Liutyi v russkoi poezii.” In Sb. Khar’kovskogo istoriko-filologicheskogo obshchestva, vol. 18, 1909, pp. 82-91.



(Arabic, “goods,” “property,” “wealth”), a term used during feudal times in Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, Iran, and other Middle East countries to denote the following: (1) property, mainly movable assets (in distinction to mulk ); (2) money; (3) goods; (4) monetary tax, and subsequently any tax, in official documents of the 15th through 19th centuries in Iran, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

Mal-u-jihat was a land tax (synonymous to Arabic kharaj). In the khanates of Azerbaijan and Armenia during the second half of the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries, it was a land tax in kind, consisting of a portion of the harvest.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Median arcuate ligament (MAL) is a fibrous arch at T12 and L1 level that bridges the diaphragmatic crura on either side of the aortic hiatus.1-4 It is used as an anatomical landmark in the localization of renal hilum in the laparoscopic surgeries.5 The ligament usually passes above the origin of celiac axis, however in 10% to 24% people it inserts lower down crossing the root of the celiac axis.
In the past, the anomalous MAL was indentified using the conventional catheter angiography.
MALS 24 is a unique operation in which the commanding officer is a Marine Corps lieutenant colonel, with a Navy commander serving as the executive officer.
While assigned to MALS 24, I served primarily as the Assistant Aviation Supply Officer, managing up to eight division officers and supporting the Aviation Supply Officer (ASO), typically a Marine Corps major.
Another innovation used at MALS-14 to make them more flexible to accomplish the mission as efficiently as possible is the use of "Class Desks." MALS-14 formalized an Aircraft Class Desk in early 2001 to provide coordinated support between the MALS and the flying squadrons in order to improve mission readiness.
Using philosophies such as TOC and Class Desks, the MALS has indeed already begun the journey to "organize around its critical knowledge needs and then build useful and relevant information to fill those needs." Putting the Theory of Constraints into practice effectively focuses the organization around its critical knowledge requirements, creating a knowledge chain.
To further confirm the antiplatelet activity of SCC + MAL, we investigated the underlying mechanism using in vitro techniques.
To assess whether the SCC + MAL mixture inhibited [[[Ca.sup.2+]].sub.i], an intracellular calcium mobilization assay was performed.
Zn concentrations of Sham, Control, MAL, CAPE groups were significantly different (p<0.05) from each other.
It was seen that Bi levels of MAL and CAPE groups were significantly different from (p<0.05) Control and Sham groups levels.
Typical examples included: "Burn the Paki shop," and "Mal is a black b***d."
Mal said: "These weren't kids - they were fully grown men driven by racial hatred.