Charles Messier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Messier, Charles

 

Born June 26, 1730, in Badonviller; died Apr. 12, 1817, in Paris. French astronomer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1770).

Messier carried out systematic searches for new comets, and between 1763 and 1802 he discovered 14 comets, including the 1770 I short-period comet, now called Lexel’s comet. In 1781 he compiled a catalog of nebulae and star clusters containing 103 objects.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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So "discovered" for M57 should likewise be read with Messier's slightly antique meaning.
The Virgo cluster is mostly traveling away from us, but Messier 90 and a few other galaxies within it are apparently moving at a faster speed than the cluster itself.
Messier did get a short reprieve June 24 from the media roasting when France's daily papers and weekly titles didn't reach newsstands, mais oui, because of a strike.
The jitters reversed Monday's gains after Mr Messier conceded defeat and prepared to resign at a board meeting today after a dramatic rebellion over his embattled leadership.
One of the most photographed celestial bodies in the night sky, the Messier 2 can be found 55,000 light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Aquarius (the Water Bearer), according to (https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snares-bevy-of-shimmering-stars) NASA's website . 
The members of our Messier galaxy trio were discovered with a 3-inch refractor by Charles Messier's colleague, Pierre Mechain.
Also known as NGC 1068, Messier 77 is one of the most famous and well-studied galaxies.
"The Man Who Tried to Buy the World: Jean-Marie Messier and Vivendi Universal" is a snappily written, insightful chronicle of the French conglom's destruction by its megalomaniac former chairman.
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured an incredibly detailed image of the stunning Messier 11.
New Messier Object "Since [French astronomer Charles] Messier's time, his catalogue has been revised so thoroughly and frequently that one might think little new could be said about it.
The $3 million for the parents of Joshua Messier, 23, of Charlton, will be paid by the state and the insurer for MHM Correctional Services, the Virginia-based company that provides medical and mental health care to inmates and patients at Bridgewater, according to their lawyer, Benjamin Novotny.
Washington, February 6( ANI ): Combination of data from NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and observations by amateur astronomers has produced one of the best images yet of nearby spiral galaxy Messier 106.