Figure 11 shows the video-streaming delay based on handover schemes such as MIPv6
, HMIPv6, FMIPv6, eFMIPv6 , the hybrid scheme , HPIN  and the proposed scheme when the MNs move according to Figure 10.
Besides this the MIPV6
uses neighbor discovery features and address auto configuration to operate on networks that are not owned or distant, this neglects the creation of special routers to act as outside agents.
As NEMO was extended from MIPv6
, it inherited the disadvantage of long handoff delay.
Doja, Moinuddin, "A Comparison Study of MIPV6
, HMIPV6 and FMIPV6 Handover Latency", Proceedings of ETCC'2007, NIT, Hamirpur (India).
But in this way application layer latency caused by handover is not minimized and the integration issues of MIPv6
in IMS are inherited in FMIPv6 as well .
In the research community, work has been done on a secure and scalable protocol known as IPSec protocol , which is mandatory for IPv6 and used by MIPv6
is inefficient using resources, and failure in division nodes based on their global or local mobility.
is a host based mobility protocol in which the MN plays a role in the mobility scenario.
In order to keep the routability between MN and access routers (AR), the IETF has designed Mobile Internet Protocol version 6 (MIPv6
) to provide mobility in mobile devices.