(redirected from Ma'rib)
Also found in: Wikipedia.


(mä`rĭb), ancient city, Yemen, SW Arabia, 140 mi (225 km) inland at an altitude of 3,900 ft (1,190 m). It was one of the chief cities, perhaps the capital, of ShebaSheba,
biblical name of a region, called in Arabic Saba, of S Arabia, including present-day Yemen and the Hadhramaut. Its inhabitants were called Sabaeans or Sabeans. According to some passages in Genesis and First Chronicles, Sheba, a grandson of Noah's grandson Joktan, was the
..... Click the link for more information.
. It was the site of a dam, built in the 6th cent. B.C., that was one of the great engineering feats of antiquity. The dam collapsed in the 6th cent. A.D., flooding the countryside.



an ancient city and the residence of the rulers of the state of Saba; its ruins lie northeast of the city of Sana, in the Yemen Arab Republic. According to epigraphical data, Marib existed by the first half of the first millennium B.C. (or the beginning of the second millennium B.C.). It had a rectangular layout and was surrounded by a stone wall; the rulers’ palace was located inside the city. Numerous date palm plantations lay outside the walls.

Marib’s flourishing is attributable to the famous Marib Dam, which had an earthen dike faced with stone. The dam was constructed west of the city, on the Wadi Denna, in the seventh century B.C. (ruins remain). Near Marib was Awwam (eighth century B.C.), a temple of the chief Sabaean god Al-Makhah. The temple was oval in plan and was surrounded by a wall of large blocks of limestone. Outside its gates stood a structure (fifth century B.C.) with a gallery-enclosed courtyard. A mausoleum adjoined the temple on the southeast.

Marib began to decline in the first century A.D. and reached a state of total decline in the sixth century, when the dam collapsed.


Grohmann, A. “Ma’rib.” In Enzyklopaedie des Islam, vol. 3. Leiden-Leipzig, 1936.
Jamme, A. Sabaean Inscriptions From Mahram Bilgîs (Mârib). Baltimore, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Saudi Arabian warplanes flattened a mosque in Yemen's West-Central Ma'rib Province, and stricken another in the Northwestern Sa'da Province.
MA'RIB, Yemen - The Emirates Red Crescent (ERC) on Friday launched several humanitarian programmes in Al Juba district in Ma'rib Governorate, Yemen, as part of a campaign to support the families of people who lost their lives and the wounded.
The first missile was fired this midday from Sanaa towards Ma'rib city, central Yemen, and the second was fired earlier tonight from Sa'dah, north Yemen, into Ta'if city, west Saudi Arabia, according to a statement by the command of the coalition.
The source said Saudi Arabia intends to wage a civil war in Yemen in order to compensate for its defeat, and "for the same reason the Riyadh government has helped its mercenaries against Ansarullah fighters in Ma'rib, Ta'iz, Al-Jawf and Lahij provinces with its aerial and logistic support".
He went on to say that upon arrival in Aden, the Saudi alliance officers divided them into three groups: one went to Bab-el-Mandeb strait, one to Ma'rib, and one to the Saudi regions of Jizan and Asir in order to join the alliance's forces which had sustained great losses during their battles there.
Riyadh, Ramadan 29, 1436, Jul 16, 2015, SPA -- A convoy of nine trucks loaded with thousands of tons of medicines and medical supplies has arrived in the Yemeni city of Ma'rib.
Originally from Yemen, near Ma'rib, Shaikh Yas was an ancestor of Dubai's ruling al-Maktoums as well.
The marble quarry is located in Ma'rib and the granite quarry in Abyan, while the factory will be set up in Aden.
The photograph below was taken in a range of hills in the Rub Al Khali desert, northeast of Ma'rib.
The Yemeni army's air defense system shot down a reconnaissance aircraft of the Saudi-led forces on al-Moshaja of Sirwah in Western Ma'rib province," the Arabic service of Sputnik news agency quoted an unnamed military source as saying.
RIYADH, Jan 4 (KUNA) -- Yemeni General Staff has announced on Monday the liberation of Ma'rib governorate from the coup militias, as progress on a number of fronts has been achieved, Yemen's Chief of General Staff Maj.