(Ch’in-shan). Born in the late 12th century; died in the first half of the 13th century, in the province of Shansi. Chinese painter. Active at the academy of painting in Hangchou.
A follower of Li T’ang, Ma Yuan painted landscapes (Solitary Fisherman on the River in Cold Weather, National Museum, Tokyo) and works in the “flowers and birds” genre (Plum Blossoms, Stones, and Wild Ducks in a Mountain Stream, Ku-kung Museum, Peking). Ma Yiian’s landscapes, monochromatic and tinted, profoundly reflect a philosophical conception of nature as a single and infinite world; they are characterized by a contemplative mood imbued with restrained excitement. Ma Yuan made wide use of new techniques in Chinese painting, such as asymmetrical composition (“off-center landscape”) and bold, broad strokes (“great blows with an ax”).
REFERENCESNikolaeva, N. S. Khudozhnik, poet, filosof: Ma Yuan’ i ego vremia. Moscow, 1968.
Chang An-chih. Ma Yuan, Hsia Kuei. Peking, 1959.