Ma Yüan

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Ma Yüan

(mä yüän), fl. c.1190–1225, Chinese painter of the Sung dynasty and foremost of the Ma family of painters. He became one of the most important landscape painters of the 12th and 13th cent., the other being Hsia KueiHsia Kuei
, c.1180–1230, Chinese painter of the Sung dynasty. Little is known of his life. He and his contemporary Ma Yüan were regarded as the greatest landscape painters of the day and were the founders of the so-called Ma-Hsia school of landscape painting.
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. He was known for his "one-cornered" compositions, in which dramatic effect was achieved by crisp, forceful brushstrokes, asymmetrical arrangement of elements, and drastic elimination of all but essentials. Attribution of his works is difficult because many later painters followed his style and because toward the end of his life he collaborated with his son Ma Lin, often signing his own name to his son's works. Landscape with Willows (Mus. of Fine Arts, Boston) is generally attributed to Ma Yüan, as are album leaves in the Cleveland Museum of Art and at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ma Yüan

 

(Ch’in-shan). Born in the late 12th century; died in the first half of the 13th century, in the province of Shansi. Chinese painter. Active at the academy of painting in Hangchou.

A follower of Li T’ang, Ma Yuan painted landscapes (Solitary Fisherman on the River in Cold Weather, National Museum, Tokyo) and works in the “flowers and birds” genre (Plum Blossoms, Stones, and Wild Ducks in a Mountain Stream, Ku-kung Museum, Peking). Ma Yiian’s landscapes, monochromatic and tinted, profoundly reflect a philosophical conception of nature as a single and infinite world; they are characterized by a contemplative mood imbued with restrained excitement. Ma Yuan made wide use of new techniques in Chinese painting, such as asymmetrical composition (“off-center landscape”) and bold, broad strokes (“great blows with an ax”).

REFERENCES

Nikolaeva, N. S. Khudozhnik, poet, filosof: Ma Yuan’ i ego vremia. Moscow, 1968.
Chang An-chih. Ma Yuan, Hsia Kuei. Peking, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Institute was officially launched by Mr Ma Yuan, the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Pensees, and Ms Wang Rong Fang, the counsellor for Science and Technology at the Chinese Embassy in Singapore, who also had the opportunity to tour the facility.
The Jiang Ma Yuan Recreational Farm in Miaoli's Dahu Township is promoting a 'working holiday' activity in July, Central News Agency reported on Thursday (May 30).
Sin embargo, sus creaciones llamaron la atencion de algunos escritores chinos, como Ma Yuan [phrase omitted], Su Tong [phrase omitted] y Ge Fei [phrase omitted].
The effect is similar to that of the subtle ink-wash paintings of China, particularly the Song-dynasty landscapes of Ma Yuan, noted for his idiosyncratic vision and asymmetrical compositions.
For example, twelfth-century Song dynasty court painter Ma Yuan's painting Walking a Mountain Path in Spring ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) combines poetic rhythm and an 'ideal' pictorial composition as reflected specifically in his use of diagonals with willow branches overarching a stream on the left side of the painting (Tregear 1980).
Even more confusing, the Railroad Tigers all call one another "Brother," though one is actually the son of Ma Yuan's girlfriend (Fan Xu), a local pancake seller who pitches in by doping some of her delicacies and feeding them to unsuspecting Japanese officers.
From a tongue-in-cheek allegory of China and Tibet to the playful account of a young Tibetan in the throes of love, Ma Yuan breaks with tradition and helps move Chinese literature into the twenty-first century.
paintings of Ma Yuan, famous for his compositions that huddle the
On Ma Yuan see 'Tianwei jing,xinzao haipai pei', in Phan Van Cac and Claudine Salmon, Epigraphie en chinois du Viet Nam = Van khac Han Nom Viet Nam (Paris and Hanoi: Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient and Vien Nghien cuu Han Nom, 1998), pp.
The special value of The Lost Boat is its presentation of substantial work by some of these more radical writers - particularly Yu Hua, Ge Fei, and Ma Yuan - who for the most part are not otherwise available in translation.
The new R&D institute was officially launched by Mr Ma Yuan, the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Pensees, and Ms Wang Rong Fang, Counsellor for Science and Technology, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Singapore, who also had the opportunity to tour the facility.
Thecla made it explicit that the Bach Ma temple in the heart of the '36 streets' of Hanoi was dedicated to Ma Yuan (Ma Vien), a Chinese general in the first century CE (pp.