Jean Mabillon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mabillon, Jean


Born Dec. 26, 1632, in St.-Pierremont; died Dec. 27, 1707, in Paris. French historian, member of the congregation of Maurists. Member of the Academy of Inscriptions (1701).

Beginning in 1664, Mabillon worked in the library of the monastery of St. Germain-des-Pres (Paris). He was responsible for the publication of many volumes of sources on the history of the Benedictine Order, including commentary and notes (13 volumes in all; the last two volumes were completed by other Maurists). In preparing the sources for publication, Mabillon scrupulously verified their authenticity and reconstructed the original text. He founded the historical disciplines of diplomatics and paleography. Mabillon worked out a method for determining the authenticity of a document, established signs by which to date and localize a manuscript, and created the theory of “national types” of Latin writing.


Dobiash-Rozhdestvenskaia, O. A. Istoriia pis’ma v srednie veka. Moscow, 1936. Pages 90-105.
Kasminskii, E. A. Istoriografiia srednikh vekov. Moscow, 1963. Pages 121-22, 125.
Leclercq, H. Mabillon, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1953-57.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Quando o jesuita bolandista Daniel von Paperbroeck (1628-1714) afirmou serem falsos todos os diplomas merovingos preservados nos mosteiros, o monge beneditino de Saint-Maur Jean Mabillon (1632-1707) respondeulhe que, se havia diplomas falsos, havia tambem os autenticos.
La herencia que nos dejo el siglo XVII la encontramos plasmada en la obra de Jean Mabillon, quien desde entonces le otorgo al documento calidad de juez, pues a traves de el se podia discernir sobre la verdad y la justicia.
Mabillon (Aux Presses de l'Abbaye de la Source, Paris, 1842)" (1994, 1).