Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of lower catarrhine monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae. The fur is yellow-brown, sometimes black. The ischial callosities are well-developed. The body length measures 34-65 cm, and the tail length 5-70 cm. The weight of the males varies from 3.5 kg (the crab-eating macaque) to 18 kg (the Japanese macaque); the females weigh less.

There are 12 species. One species, the Barbary ape, is found in Africa (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis) and in southwestern Europe (Rock of Gibraltar). The remaining 11 species are distributed in southern Asia. Ground-dwellers or tree-dwellers, the Macaca feed on fruits, roots, young leaves, rice, corn, potatoes, sugarcane, and insects and their larvae. The Formosa macaque and the crab-eating macaque eat mollusks and crustaceans. The Macaca generally live in groups of 10-20 individuals, although the Japanese macaques may form a group of several hundred individuals. The Macaca bear one offspring once a year, which reaches maturity at 3.5–4.5 years. The gestation period is five to sixth months.


Napier, J. R., and P. H. Napier. A Handbook of Living Primates. London-New York, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vitamin D status in wild toque macaques (Macaca sinica) in Sri Lanka.
Larson et al., "Outbreak of Mycobacterium bovis in a conditioned colony of rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and cynomolgus (Macaca fascicularis) macaques," Comparative Medicine, vol.
The clones Macaca and SMIJ461-1 presented the greatest difference, with Macaca being the most well adapted to crop conditions associated with short tuber dormancy.
Associate professor Antje Engelhardt from Liverpool John Moores University is also the head of the Macaca Nigra Project.
Song et al., "Macaca specific exon creation event generates a novel ZKSCAN5 transcript," Gene, vol.
Pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma in the hind leg of a Taiwanese macaque (Macaca cyclopis).
A case of total albinism in the Bonnet Macaque Macaca radiata (Geoffroy) from Goa.
This study aimed to establish an animal model of ABI in adult rhesus macaque monkey (Macaca mulatta).
Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatto) pregnancies were produced by natural mating at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC).