Macaca


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Macaca

 

a genus of lower catarrhine monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae. The fur is yellow-brown, sometimes black. The ischial callosities are well-developed. The body length measures 34-65 cm, and the tail length 5-70 cm. The weight of the males varies from 3.5 kg (the crab-eating macaque) to 18 kg (the Japanese macaque); the females weigh less.

There are 12 species. One species, the Barbary ape, is found in Africa (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis) and in southwestern Europe (Rock of Gibraltar). The remaining 11 species are distributed in southern Asia. Ground-dwellers or tree-dwellers, the Macaca feed on fruits, roots, young leaves, rice, corn, potatoes, sugarcane, and insects and their larvae. The Formosa macaque and the crab-eating macaque eat mollusks and crustaceans. The Macaca generally live in groups of 10-20 individuals, although the Japanese macaques may form a group of several hundred individuals. The Macaca bear one offspring once a year, which reaches maturity at 3.5–4.5 years. The gestation period is five to sixth months.

REFERENCE

Napier, J. R., and P. H. Napier. A Handbook of Living Primates. London-New York, 1967.

M. F. NESTURKH

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Continental Monophyly and Molecular Divergence of Peninsular Malaysia's Macaca fascicularis fascicularis.
Maturation of the auditory brain stem response in rhesus monkeys ( Macaca mulatta ).
Postconflict affiliation between former opponents in Macaca thibetana on Mt.
Additional dental material would be required to discount an alternative attribution to the genus Macaca.
Morphological changes in cerebellar cortex of ageing Macaca Nemestrina.
Las secuencias proteicas de las subunidades de los receptores ionotropicos tipo AMPA (GLUR 1, GLUR 2, GLUR 3 y GLUR 4), NMDA (NR 1, NR2A, NR2B, NR2C, NR2D, NR3A y NR3B) y Kainato (GLUR 5, GLUR 6, GLUR 7, KA 1 y KA 2) en las especies Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Macaca mulata y Rattus norvegicus se obtuvieron de las bases de datos NCBI (http://www.
Long-term ethanol self-administration by the nonhuman primate, macaca fascicularis, decreases the benzodiazepine sensitivity of amygdala GABA(A) receptors.
Nucleotide sequences of the TNF-[alpha] gene from seven different taxa (Homo sapiens, Macaca mulatta, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Pan troglodytes, Canis familiaris and Gallus gallus) were downloaded with the Ensembl genome browser (www.
Musculotopic organization of the hypoglossal nucleus in the cynomolgus monkey, Macaca fascicularis.
A cultivar Macaca de batata e o genotipo mais cultivado na regiao central do Rio Grande do Sul; para ela, ainda faltam todas as informacoes basicas relacionadas ao crescimento e desenvolvimento das plantas e ao desenvolvimento e proliferacao dos fitopatogenos Phytophthora infestans Mont de Bary e Alternaria solani, causadores da requeima e da alternaria, respectivamente, os quais ainda sao dois dos principais problemas da bataticultura na regiao central do Rio Grande do Sul.
About 30 per cent of the macaca mulatta monkeys appear to be overweight, with the group's top five porkers weighing almost five stone.