Macapagal-Arroyo, Gloria

Macapagal-Arroyo, Gloria

(mäkäpägäl`-ärō`yō), 1947–, Philippine political leader, president of the Philippines (2001–10), daughter of Diosdado MacapagalMacapagal, Diosdado
, 1911–97, president of the Philippines (1961–65). A forceful orator, Macapagal practiced law and later served in the Philippine diplomatic service and in the house of representatives (1949–56).
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. A professor of economics, she entered government in 1987, serving as assistant secretary (1987–89) and undersecretary (1989–92) of trade and industry under President Corazon AquinoAquino, Corazon
(Maria Corazon "Cory" Aquino) , 1933–2009, Philippine politician, president of the Philippines (1986–92), b. Maria Corazon Cojuangco. Her husband, Benigno Servillano "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
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. After serving in the senate from 1992 to 1998, she was elected vice president and became social welfare and development secretary (1998–2000) under President Joseph EstradaEstrada, Joseph Marcelo Ejercito,
1937–, Filipino actor and politician, b. Jose Marcelo Ejercito. Under the name Erap Estrada, he became a popular action-film star whose roles often cast him as a hero of the common people and defender of the downtrodden.
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, despite having run on an opposing ticket. After Estrada was accused of corruption, she resigned from his cabinet and joined the opposition to the president, who was soon impeached.

She succeeded Estrada in 2001 after street demonstrations forced him out and the supreme court declared the presidency vacant. Macapagal-Arroyo was elected to the office in her own right in 2004, but her win was marred by vote-rigging charges, and later (2007) in her term her husband was implicated in a kickback scandal. She was elected to the Philippine congress in 2010 and reelected in 2013 and 2016. In 2011 she was charged with involvement in vote fraud during the 2007 senate elections, and she was charged with corruption and other offenses in 2012. The corruption case was dismissed in 2016.