macaque

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Related to Macaques: Primates

macaque

(məkäk`), name for Old World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
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 of the genus Macaca, related to mangabeys, mandrills, and baboons. All but one of the 19 species are found in Asia from Afghanistan to Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo. Macaques can be slight, with very long tails, or stocky, with short limbs and a short tail or, in a few species, no tail. They are highly intelligent and display a great variety of calls and facial expressions. A typical macaque is the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) of S Asia. It is yellowish brown with a pale, naked face and a tail about half as long as the body. A large male may reach a body length of 2 ft (60 cm). Rhesus monkeys live in social groups of 25–60 individuals in forests and on rocky hillsides, ranging to high altitudes. Omnivorous feeders, they often raid cultivated fields and gardens. The rhesus monkey has been widely used in medical and other scientific experiments; the Rh blood factor, found in humans as well as monkeys, is named for it. The stump-tailed macaque (M. arctaides) is a nearly tailless, very hairy macaque with a naked pink face, found at high altitudes in SE Asia. One of its close relatives the Japanese macaque (M. fuscata) is the northernmost primate other than man. Its social organization has been extensively studied, and it has been found that there are culturally transmitted behavioral differences among different troops. The single non-Asian macaque is the so-called Barbary ape (M. sylvanus), a large, tailless species of NW Africa, with one colony on the Rock of Gibraltar; it is the only nonhuman primate found in Europe. Macaques are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cercopithecidae.

macaque

[mə′kak]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for 12 species of Old World monkeys composing the genus Macaca, including the Barbary ape and the rhesus monkey.

macaque

any of various Old World monkeys of the genus Macaca, inhabiting wooded or rocky regions of Asia and Africa. Typically the tail is short or absent and cheek pouches are present
References in periodicals archive ?
Few macaques survive in the current model, making it difficult to study virus persistence and its long-term impacts.
Sulawesi crested macaques belong to a critically endangered species of monkey, which can grow to 60cm in height and can weigh as much as 10kg.
Herpes B virus, also known as the monkey B virus, is commonly found among macaque monkeys, including rhesus macaques, pig-tailed macaques, and cynomolgus monkeys.
A statement on the zoo's Facebook page said: "Lion-tailed macaques are a highly social species and as part of their natural grieving process have been guarding and preening this youngster which will help the whole group come to terms with their loss.
The colony of Tonkean macaques was introduced to the sanctuary in 2007 from the Strasbourg Primate Centre of Strasbourg University (Strasbourg, France); the original stock had been imported into France from Indonesia in 1972.
Macaques play with a scarecrow and pumpkins, below, at Blair Drummond Safari Park in Scotland ANDREW MILLIGAN
Following the groundbreaking court case, in which Peta US sought to establish the macaque Naruto as the copyright owner of the photos, Parkinson has pledged to donate a percentage of his profits to charities that work to preserve animals' disappearing habitats.
For the first year of their lives, the macaques never saw a face -- human or otherwise.
The two macaques were returned to their home within 10 minutes.
About 100,000 macaques are traded every year around the world and Mauritius is one of the biggest exporters.
The Tasikoki Wildlife Rescue Center receives macaques that have been kept as pets, gradually reintroducing them into a captive social group, Kerhaos said.
And while exports of macaques fell between 2014 and 2015, the business is set to grow as new breeding farms are being set up on the island.