Macario Sakay

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sakay, Macario


Born 1870 in Manila; died there Sept. 13, 1907. Figure in the national liberation movement in the Philippines. An artisan.

Sakay joined the Katipunan in 1894. In 1901 he took part in the establishment of the Nationalist Party, which was banned, however, by the American authorities. After the defeat of the Philippine Republic in 1901 in the war with the USA, Sakay became head of a detachment of the Republican Army, which resolved to continue the struggle against the colonialists. In 1902 the insurgents proclaimed Sakay “president and commander in chief of the Tagalog Archipelago.” In 1906 the American authorities, after promising to create an elected legislative assembly and to grant amnesty to the insurgents, succeeded in obtaining Sakay’s agreement to cease military operations. But when Sakay appeared in Manila, he was arrested and executed.


Abad, A. General Macario L. Sakay. Manila, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We hardly hear, for example, of Macario Sakay, who fought the Spaniards and continued on against the new American colonizers.
Three months after the imposition of the Anti-Flag Law, Macario Sakay was sentenced to death.
The Linangan seeks to extol--through the murals and future activities--the true stature of Macario Sakay and Lean Alejandro, as well as other Filipinos whose acts helped elevate and establish the meaning of heroism.
But he is best known for his portrayal of the Filipino revolutionary leader Macario Sakay who fought the Americans during the Philippine-American War in Raymond Red's acclaimed Sakay in 1993.
But our heroes - Gat Jose Rizal, Gat Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, Emilio Jacinto, Antonio Luna, Melchora Aquino, Macario Sakay, Gabriela Silang, Lapu-Lapu, etc.
Marcos called for the inclusion of Macario Sakay on the list of true Filipino heroes.
Antonio Luna in Binondo on May 23 and the Macario Sakay monument in Tondo on May 30.
The latter three can possibly include Antonio Luna, Apolinario Mabini, Macario Sakay, Lapulapu, and other names we remember from elementary and high school.
Gutierrez also said that the sedition charges were used by the American government in the Philippines to hold known revolutionary Macario Sakay liable.
In truth, our anti-imperialist war was continued guerrilla style by Generals Macario Sakay, Miguel Malvar, and Lucio San Miguel, Artemio Ricarte, etc., supported by the people.
About 1,000 guerrillas under Simeon Ola were not defeated until 1903, and in Batangas, troops commanded by Macario Sakay resisted until as late as 1906.
"Teatro Porvenir" is a Palanca Award-winning play by Tim Dacanay about three heroes: Andres Bonifacio, Aurelio Tolentino and Macario Sakay.