the branch of the food-processing industry that manufactures macaroni products.
There were 39 macaroni factories in Russia in 1913, with a total annual output of about 30,000 tons. In 1972, the USSR’s macaroni industry included more than 100 enterprises equipped with modern machinery. Their total annual output was 1,328,000 tons (see Table 1). The USSR is second only to Italy in the production of macaroni products. Per capita consumption in the USSR was 5.4 kg in 1972.
|Table 1. Macaroni production in the USSR (thousands of tons)|
The USSR’s macaroni industry uses continuous-action screw presses and dryers, which make it possible to set up mechanized production lines. Automatic continuous-action presses, continuous belt-type dryers, and automatic packaging machines are being introduced.
Large macaroni factories have been built in Moscow, Leningrad, Gorky, Ufa, Cheliabinsk, and Dnepropetrovsk. The Gorky Macaroni Factory, with a capacity of 30,000 tons per year, is equipped entirely with transfer lines and produces goods that have been awarded the State Seal of Quality. At a number of operating enterprises modernization is under way to replace nonintegrated pieces of equipment with specialized production lines. Measures are being taken to concentrate production, increase the output of 250-, 500-, and 1,000-g packages of macaroni, and improve the quality and selection of products to meet the demands of the public.
The output of macaroni products in other socialist countries is increasing. The 1971 per capita production in Hungary was (in kg) 2.9; in the German Democratic Republic, 2.7; in Yugoslavia, 2.4; and in Czechoslovakia, 2.1.
The 1971 per capita production of macaroni products in Italy was (in kg) 31.2; in France, 5.8; and in the Federal Republic of Germany, 3.2.