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a people living in the southwestern part of the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Population, 1.2 million (1970, estimate).

The Makassarese language, which has a historical and poetic literature, belongs to the Indonesian languages. The Makassarese profess Islam. Anthropologically, the Makassarese belong to the Southern Mongoloid race. They probably migrated from the western islands of Indonesia or from the Asian continent at the beginning of the second millennium A.D. States, evidently of the early feudal type, took shape among the Makassarese as early as the 15th century. The chief occupations of the Makassarese are farming, fishing, and trade.


Narody lugo- Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the south coast of Flores, the island of Ende and the nearby coastal places were already dominated by Muslims of Macassarese origin since their victory over the Portuguese traders and priests between 1620 and 1630.
Performed in Yolngu Matha and Macassarese languages, the show is a narrative that uses music, song and dance to tell of a first contact experience and revisit the shared history of two cultural traditions.
North-east Arnhem Land is an area which has seen extensive contacts with non-Aborigines over many centuries, including visits by a number of ethnic groups, in particular 'Macassans' (Bugis, Macassarese, Sama-Bajau) from what is now Indonesia, as well as Dutch and French explorers and Japanese fishermen.
(12) The historian Luna de Oliveira describes an incident between 'firacos' and two 'Macassarese' ships in Laga, located in Baucau district, in 1864.
Examples of this range from the Arnhem Landers' encompassment of the Macassarese traders in ritual and iconography (Berndt 1962) to New South Wales war veteran, Walter Newton's retelling of 'the old people's stories' to include European colonisation (Beckett 1993).