Machado, Antonio

Machado, Antonio

(äntō`nyō mächä`thō), 1875–1939, Spanish poet of the Generation of '98Generation of '98,
Spanish literary and cultural movement in the first two decades of the 20th cent. It was so named by Azorín (see Martínez Ruiz, José) in 1913 to designate a group of young writers who, in the face of defeat (1898) in the Spanish-American
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. He spent most of his life in Castile and his best poetry was influenced by its sober and dramatic landscape. His Poesías completas appeared in 1936. Forced to leave Spain because of his support of the Loyalist cause during the Spanish civil war, he crossed the Pyrenees on foot and died in France a month later. With his brother, the poet Manuel Machado (1874–1947), he also wrote plays and translated Rostand's L'Aiglon and Hugo's Hernani.

Bibliography

See studies by H. T. Young (1964) and C. W. Cobb (1972).

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