Machairodus


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Machairodus

 

a genus of fossil animals (saber-toothed tigers) of the family Felidae. Machairodonts are known from Miocene and Pliocene deposits. They were larger than the living tigers and had large saber-like upper canines with slashing jagged edges, which enabled them to kill such large thick-skinned herbivores as the rhinoceros and mastodon. The machairodont is an example of extreme adaptation for feeding on thick-skinned animals. It was distributed in the southern parts of Europe and Asia and in Africa. Closely related genera lived in North America. Several species of machairodont have been found in the USSR.

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tauricum eximia, Machairodus aphanistus, Orycteropus sp., Hipparion sp., Ceratotherium neumayri, Chilotherium schlosseri, Dicoryphochoerus sp., Samotherium boissieri, Palaeotragus cf.
The Vallesian assemblages were intermediate between both faunas, Hipparion and certain eastern immigrants (for example the giraffid Palaeotragus or the felid Machairodus) were present, but coexisted with Middle Miocene elements characteristic of forested environments.
Palaeontologists had already reported finding remains of a large sabretooth cat from Toros Menalla known as Machairodus kabir, which weighed in at 350-490kg.
La fauna europea de los periodos glaciales estaba encabezada por grandes mamiferos lanudos, como el mamut (Mammuthus), el rinoceronte lanudo (Coelodonta), el tigre de dientes de sable (Machairodus) y el leon gigante (Panthera leo spelaea y Panthera leo atrox).
The lude may be disarticulated as in the case of the Machairodus. In this way betteraves become "bites de raves" (V, 49); and marecages, "les marees en cage" (IV, 32).