Guillaume de Machaut

(redirected from Machaut)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Machaut, Guillaume de

(gēyōm` də mäshō`), c.1300–1377, French poet and composer. Variants of his name include Machault, de Machaudio, and de Mascaudio. He studied theology and took holy orders. In the service of King John of Bohemia he traveled through Europe on chivalric expeditions. Later, while in the service of King Charles of Navarre, he wrote the long narrative poems Confort d'ami and Le Jugement du roi de Navarre. The recipient of numerous papal benefices, Machaut was canon at Reims from 1340 until his death. In Le Livre du voir dit (1361–65) he wrote a long poem of courtly love with musical interpolations. Considered the greatest French musician of the 14th cent. and the exponent of ars nova style in France, he wrote lais, motets, ballads, rondeaux, virelais, and one mass. He contributed to the secularization of the motet by using French texts of courtly love instead of Latin liturgy. Most important perhaps was his skillful use of rhythm with counterpoint, which made his music widely known and admired. His mass, the first complete polyphonic version, was still in use in the 16th cent. and led to the great masses of Josquin DesprezJosquin Desprez or Des Prés
, c.1440–1521, Flemish composer, b. Hainaut, regarded by his contemporaries as the greatest of his age. Luther spoke highly of Desprez, who may have instructed Erasmus in music.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and PalestrinaPalestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da
, c.1525–1594, Italian composer whose family name was Pierluigi; b. Palestrina, from which he took his name. Palestrina represents with Lasso the culmination of Renaissance music.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See analytical biography by E. E. Leach (2011).


Guillaume de Machaut:

see Machaut, Guillaume deMachaut, Guillaume de
, c.1300–1377, French poet and composer. Variants of his name include Machault, de Machaudio, and de Mascaudio. He studied theology and took holy orders. In the service of King John of Bohemia he traveled through Europe on chivalric expeditions.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Guillaume de Machaut

 

(also known by the Latin name Guillelmus de Mascandio). Born circa 1300 in Machaut, Ardennes; died 1377. French poet and composer.

Guillaume de Machaut founded a school of rhetoric and canonized poetic forms for 14th-century French poetry. His poetic works are linked to the growth of urban culture and Scholasticism. His best work is A Book About Something That Really Happened (1365), a novel in verse with inserted prose letters about the love of an elderly poet for a young girl. His other works include the narrative poem The Court of the King of Navarre (1349), the rhymed chronicle The Seizure of Alexandria (c. 1370), and the narrative poem Pastoral Times, which contains a description of 14th-century musical instruments. Guillaume de Machaut was a representative of Ars nova (new art), a progressive trend in early Renaissance music. He composed church music (motets, the first mass in the history of music) and created numerous songs (virelays, ballades, rondos) with instrumental accompaniments that combined the musical poetic tradition of the trouvères with the new polyphonic art.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1-3. Paris, 1908-21.
Poésies lyriques, vols. 1-2. Published by V. Chichmarev. Paris [1909].

REFERENCES

Shishmarev, V. F. Lirika i liriki pozdnego srednevekov’ia. Paris, 1911.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 170, 172-76, 179.
Prioult, A. “Un Poète voyageur Guillaume de Machaut et la ‘Reise’ de Jean l’Aveugle roi de Bohême, en 1328-29.” Les Lettres romanes, 1950, vol. 4. Pages 3-39.
Machabey, A. Guillaume de Machaut, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1955.

I. A. LILEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
(9) Guillaume de Machaut, Oeuvres de Guillaume de Machaut, ed.
(5) Laurence De Looze, Pseudo-Autobiography in the Fourteenth Century: Juan Ruiz, Guillaume de Machaut, Jean Froissart, and Geoffrey Chaucer (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1997), p.
The works of Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377) dominated French 14th century music: he is often referred to as the last great poet who was also a composer.
Machaut came up with his chansons later on, yet sung courtly poetry abounded in the milieu in different forms.
The literary focus of its scholarly enquiry is marked in the identification of Jean le Mauvais as addressee of Machaut's Confort d'Ami, rather than Charles II of Navarre.
The final section of the chapter is on Machaut and Gower's responses to the dream.
Here, the combination of organ (Fairs) and brass, with players placed individually around the hall, gave Roberts' colouristic exploration of themes by Guillaume de Machaut a fractured, surround-sound effect that, although modest in scope, was totally fascinating.
The ensemble, with six male and four female voices, is dedicated to introducing modern audiences to lesser-known masterpieces of centuries past, including works of composers such as Claudio Monteverdi, Thomas Tallis and Guillaume de Machaut. All singers are accomplished soloists.
(910-1377, de Guillermo de Volpiano a Guillaume de Machaut).
The new element in his work didn't necessarily consist in the fact that he had a "modern style." Rather, it resided in his ability to get inside--and in such a profoundly original way--any and all material employed, be it Tchaikovsky, Guillaume de Machaut, or Webern.
There is a yet stronger connection between literary criticism and the history of the book in Kate Maxwell's chapter on collections of Machaut s lays, which relates textual arrangements to the poems' meaning.
The Art of Grafted Song: Citation and Allusion in the Age of Machaut. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.