The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Neolithic culture that was widespread along the Upper Huang Ho in China.

Named after the site discovered in 1926 near the village of Machiayao, the culture is one of the farming Painted Pottery cultures. It developed in East Asia in the third millennium B.C. and is close to the neighboring Yangshao culture. The Machiayao culture is characterized by modeled pottery with red and black painted decorations. The economy was based on the cultivation of foxtail millet and the raising of pigs and dogs. The discovery of microliths along with polished stone tools in the settlements indicates connections with the more northerly tribes of steppe hunters. At approximately the end of the third millennium and the beginning of the second millennium B.C., the Machiayao culture was replaced by the Ch’ichia culture.


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The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.