Machicolation

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Machicolation

Openings formed by setting the parapets out on corbels so as to project beyond the face of the wall. Some parapets set out on corbels have a similar appearance, even if there are no openings.

machicolation

machicolation
An overhanging defensive structure at the top of a medieval fortification, with floor openings through which boiling water or oil, missiles, etc., could be dropped on attackers.
References in periodicals archive ?
The lower, straight-axis front gate, accessed across a drawbridge and opening into the bailey, was crowned with heavy overhanging machicolations. Having broken through, an attacker would face the blank front wall of the main gate, a three-storey keep with plain crenel/merlon battlements.
One of de Chirico's paintings, Mystery and Melancholy of a Street, features a typical metaphysical setting where a girl runs up a street (not a rampart but a ramp) and the building behind her shows spires and machicolations. A variation on the same motif, Melancolie d'une rue, pictures a background with a station clock and the shadow of a tower, projected from outside the frame.
Instead, new openings allow views over the Normandy landscape and metal grilles between the machicolations give vertiginous glimpses of the ground some 35m below.
In particular he was responsible for encouraging the use of brick and much of this work has survived, though at Tattershall the machicolations are surely more aptly described as impressive than "formidable." Brick, after all, was more suitable for domestic than military architecture.