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The pumping of a fluid through a tissue or organ by way of an artery.



a method of passing physiological solutions, blood, blood substitutes, or other fluids through the blood vessels of an organ, a part of the body, or the entire body. Perfusion may be performed on organs completely removed from the body or on organs within the body but isolated from the general vascular system. Widely used in experimental physiology, it permits preservation of the vital activities of organs for a certain period, enabling the study of organ functions and of the effect of hormones, mediators, enzymes, and medicinal substances on physiological systems and the entire body. The method is used in various branches of surgery, including transplantation of organs and tissues. Perfusion of the entire body is used, for example, during heart surgery.

The term “perfusion” also designates the supplying of blood to organs of the body under natural conditions (for example, perfusion of the kidneys, brain, or other organs), which is determined by the state of cardiac activity and local vascular tonus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Brassil, "Islet isolation from juvenile porcine pancreas after 24-h hypothermic machine perfusion preservation," Cell Transplantation, vol.
Subnormothermic machine perfusion protects steatotic livers against preservation injury: a potential for donor pool increase?
This was reflected by higher biomarker concentrations detected in the kidney perfusate during machine perfusion of uncontrolled donors (P <0.
Assessment of non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) kidneys for viability on machine perfusion.
Functional human liver preservation and recovery by means of subnormothermic machine perfusion," Journal of Visualized Experiments, no.
In case delayed graft function occurred, its duration was shorter after machine perfusion compared with cold storage (10 days vs.
One year graft survival was superior in the machine perfusion group (94% vs.