Nestor Makhno

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Makhno, Nestor Ivanovich


Born Oct. 17 (29), 1889, in Guliaipole, now in Zaporozh’e Oblast; died July 6, 1934, in Paris. One of the leaders of petit bourgeois counterrevolution in the Ukraine from 1918 to 1921 during the Civil War. Son of a peasant.

Makhno graduated from a parochial school. During the Revolution of 1905-07 he joined an anarchist group and took part in terrorist actions and “expropriations.” In 1909 he was sentenced to death for killing a police official, but the sentence was reduced to ten years of hard labor, because he was still a minor. He served his sentence in Butyrskaia Prison in Moscow, where he became a convinced anarchist. Set free by the February Revolution of 1917, he went to Guliaipole and in April 1918 organized an anarchist armed detachment. This unit began guerrilla warfare against the Austro-German occupiers and the hetman’s authorities and won great popularity among the peasantry.

Makhno was noted for his cruelty, despite his personal bravery. In 1919 and 1920 he fought against the White Guards and the followers of Petliura as well as against the Red Army. Three times he made an alliance with Soviet power, and three times he violated his agreements and rose in rebellion. In 1921 his units degenerated into nothing more than robbers and oppressors. On Aug. 26, 1921, he fled to Rumania, moving to Poland in 1922 and then to Paris in 1923, where he worked as a cobbler and printer. He wrote two volumes of memoirs that were filled with hatred toward Soviet power.

References in periodicals archive ?
| Janet and Glyn with Dafydd Gwyndaf, Bro Machno Community Council chair, and PCC Arfon Jones
Although it is estimated that this drystone-built bridge was erected in the 17 century, this picturesque abandoned structure in Bro Machno, Conwy is generally referred to as 'the Roman bridge'.
Andrzej Machno, who lives in the small city of Skawina, northeast of Zar Mountain, has used the same furnace for more than three decades.
Gwna hynny trwy adrodd ambell chwedl am ei wrthrych a thrwy ddyfynnu cerdd Huw Machno am ystafell o'i eiddo.
It also included letters to Merriam-Webster from sewage-industry representatives such as Peter Machno, who manages Seattle's sludge-to-fertilizer program.
Sion Davies was a hat-trick hero in Holyhead Hotspur Reserves's 3-1 success against Machno United.
Rank: Private Regiment: Welsh Regiment Age: 20 Death: September 20, 1917 Buried at: Woods Cemetery Idwal Machno Humphreys Son of JE Humphreys, of 19 Shirley Road and the late Rev Richard Machno Humphreys.
Llandudno Cricketers eased their way to the Division One title by 13 points from Machno.
| FULL DRAW FOR THE SECOND ROUND OF THE NWCFA JUNIOR CUP: Abergele v Llanfairpwll, Arriva Bangor v Rhos United, Betws-y-Coed v Llanelwy Athletic, Bodorgan v Rhuddlan Town, Bontnewydd v Talysarn Celts, Bro Goronwy v St Asaph City, Bryngwran Bulls v Mynydd Tigers, Cemaes Bay v Llanfairfechan Town, Denbigh Development v Menai Bridge Tigers, Holyhead Hotspur Res v Machno United, Llandudno Athletic v Caergybi, Llanfairfechan Town Res v Nefyn United, Llansannan v Llangoed, Llysfaen v Bro Cernyw, Old Colwyn v Henllan, Y Glannau v Llanystumdwy.
Division Two: Groeslon 0 Machno Utd 4, Llanbabo 2 Blaenau Ffest Amateurs Res 3.
In the Premier Division, Jack Williams grabbed a hat-trick in Llandudno Athletic's 7-0 blasting of Machno United.