Mackay, John William

Mackay, John William

(măk`ē), 1831–1902, American financier, b. Dublin, Ireland. He immigrated to the United States in 1840. In 1859 he joined the rush to Nevada, where silver had been discovered. He and J. G. FairFair, James Graham,
1831–94, American financier, b. near Belfast, Ireland. He emigrated to America as a child, grew up on an Illinois farm, and went west in 1851 in search of gold. In partnership with J. W. Mackay, J. C. Flood, and William S.
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, later joined by William Shoney O'Brien and J. C. Flood, acquired control of valuable silver mines, which yielded them great fortunes. With James Gordon BennettBennett, James Gordon,
1841–1918, American newspaper proprietor, b. New York City; son of James Gordon Bennett. Educated mostly in France, he took over (1867) from his father the management of the New York Herald.
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 he founded (1883) the Commercial Cable Company and laid two submarine cables to Europe. Later (1886) he organized the Postal Telegraph Cable Company.
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MacKay, John William

(1831–1902) miner, capitalist; born in Dublin, Ireland. He came to the U.S.A. as a boy and became an expert in timbering Nevada mines. He made a fortune by reworking the Comstock Lode with new equipment. After striking it rich again with the "Big Bonanza" mine, he became a banker and railroad director and broke the Jay Gould—Western Union communications monoply in 1886.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.