Mackenzie, Henry,1745–1831, English author, b. Scotland. He had an active political and legal life, serving as comptroller of taxes for Scotland from 1804 until his death. His first and most famous novel, The Man of Feeling (1771), is a series of loosely joined episodes describing the adventures of a highly sentimental and good-natured man. His other novels are The Man of the World (1773) and Julia de Roubigne (1777). Of his four plays the only one to achieve any success was The Prince of Tunis (1773).
See his letters, ed. by H. Drescher (1967); biography by G. A. Barker (1975).
Born Aug. 26, 1745, in Edinburgh; died there Jan. 14, 1831. Scottish writer.
The son of a physician, Mackenzie was educated at the University of Edinburgh. His novels The Man of Feeling (1771), The Man of the World (1773), and Julia de Roubigne (1777) show the influence of English sentimental poetry and of J.-J. Rousseau. A fine literary critic, Mackenzie also edited the journals The Mirror (1779-80) and The Lounger (1785-87).
REFERENCESKuz’min, B. A. “Gol’dsmit i drugie romanisty sentimental’noi shkoly.” In Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, issue 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Elistratova, A. A. Angliiskii roman epokhi Prosveshcheniia. Moscow, 1966. (See the name index.)