Macmahon, Marie Edmé Patrice Maurice de(redirected from Macmahon, Marie Edme Patrice Maurice de)
Macmahon, Marie Edmé Patrice Maurice de
Born June 13, 1808, in Sully, Saône-et-Loire Department; died Oct. 17, 1893, in La Forêt, Loiret Department. French government and military figure; marshal of France (1859).
MacMahon graduated from the St. Cyr Military Academy in 1827. He served in the Crimean War of 1853-56; in 1855 his division took the Malakhov hill near Sevastopol’. He was commander of a corps in the war involving Austria, Italy, and France in 1859. MacMahon was created duke of Magenta and marshal for his victory at Magenta. From 1864 to 1870 he served as governor-general of Algeria. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, MacMahon commanded a group of forces that was defeated at Woerth on Aug. 6, 1870, an army that was routed at Sedan on Sept. 1-2, 1870, and finally the counterrevolutionary army of the Versaillais, which fought against the Paris Commune of 1871. As president of the French Republic from 1873 to 1879, MacMahon drew support from monarchist circles, who plotted under his patronage for the restoration of the monarchy. After the collapse of the monarchist coup that was organized in 1877 with his participation and the loss of the monarchist majority in the Senate, MacMahon resigned in January 1879.