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MacMillan, Donald Baxter

MacMillan, Donald Baxter, 1874–1970, American arctic explorer, b. Provincetown, Mass., grad. Bowdoin College, 1898, and studied at Harvard. After a decade of teaching, he went on the expedition (1908–9) of Robert E. Peary to the North Pole. Later (1911, 1912) he made ethnological studies among the Labrador Eskimos. Leader of the Crocker Land expedition (1913–17), MacMillan established a base at Etah, Greenland, from which he explored the Greenland coast and Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg islands. By a notable march over the frozen ocean NW of Ellesmere Island he proved the nonexistence of Peary's supposed Crocker Land. His experiences are told in Four Years in the White North (1918, new ed. 1933). He subsequently commanded a number of arctic expeditions and brought back much valuable scientific information. In his polar expedition of 1925 he was accompanied by Richard E. Byrd, who commanded a naval air unit of exploration. For the Field Museum (now the Chicago Natural History Museum) he led expeditions to Greenland, Baffin Island, and Labrador in 1926 and 1927–28. In 1938 he brought back over 40,000 plants from the Arctic. As a member of the U.S. naval reserve, he was recalled to the navy in 1941, made a commander in 1942, and assigned to the hydrographic office in Washington. Later he was placed in command of arctic expeditions in 1944, 1946, and 1947. In the 1944 voyage to Greenland, Baffin Island, and Labrador he made extensive air surveys and brought back some 10,000 photographs. He received the Congressional Medal of Honor that year. Sponsored by Bowdoin College (after which he named his noted exploration ship, the Bowdoin), MacMillan conducted expeditions to Ellesmere Island in 1948 and to Baffin Island in 1949, returning with rare bird specimens and other material. The expedition of 1949 was his 28th voyage of arctic exploration. On a polar trip in 1954, MacMillan and his party barely escaped having their ship destroyed. His other writings include Etah and Beyond (1927) and How Peary Reached the Pole (1934).


See E. S. Allen, Arctic Odyssey (1962).


Macmillan, river, c.200 mi (320 km) long, rising in two main forks in the Selwyn Mts., E Yukon, Canada, and flowing generally W to the Pelly River. It was an important route to the gold fields from c.1890 to 1900.
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(Maurice) Harold, 1st Earl of Stockton. 1894--1986, British statesman; Conservative prime minister (1957--63)


1. James (Loy). born 1959, Scottish composer and conductor; his works include two symphonies, the orchestral work Confession of Isobel Gowdie (1990), and the opera Ines de Castro (1996)
2. Sir Kenneth. 1929--92, British choreographer, dancer, and ballet director; chief choreographer for the Royal Ballet from 1970
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Macmillan's Coffee Morning raises millions of pounds for the ever-growing number of people who are affected by cancer.
It couldn't be simpler and more fun to take part - come together as a community in support of people living with cancer and raise money for Macmillan.
Their support has allowed the charity to invest in Macmillan nurses and other professionals who help people with cancer live their lives as fully as they can.
The award was given in recognition of Kathryn's outstanding contribution and is given to volunteers who are employed by one of Macmillan's current corporate partners.
Global digital payments company Visa Inc (NYSE:V) announced on Wednesday the appointment of Graham Macmillan as president of the Visa Foundation, effective 24 June 2019.
Macmillan Cancer Support is keen to find people in Walsall who would be willing to use their spare time to be part of a new Macmillan neighbours volunteering scheme.
MACMILLAN'S biggest build in Wales is taking shape.
DAVID Hanson - MP for Delyn - has attended the annual Macmillan Cancer Research coffee morning in Parliament to lend his support for their campaigning and research aims.
Renfrew North and Braehead's Lisa-Marie Hughes was over the moon to raise PS150 for Macmillan Cancer Support.
MACMILLAN specialists will be out and about in Warwickshire next week offering advice and support - particularly on the hidden costs of cancer.
In a match filled with comebacks, Emma MacMillan edged Hannah Lerner of Texas 21-16, 21-20 for the women's A2 singles championship.