Macmillan, Harold

Macmillan, Harold

 

Born Feb. 10, 1894, in London. British statesman. The son of a powerful publisher.

Macmillan was educated at Eton and at Oxford University. He commenced his political career in 1924, when he was elected as a member of the ConservativeParty to the House of Commons. From 1940 to 1945 he occupied a number of posts in the government of W. Churchill. When the Conservatives returned to power after the general election of 1951, he served as minister of housing (1951-54), defense (1954-55), foreign affairs (1955), and finance (1955-57). After the debacle of the Suez Crisis (in Russian, the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt) and the retirement of A. Eden, he became prime minister in 1957, remaining in this post until 1963. In 1964, Macmillan left active politics and headed a major publishing firm.

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Successive Prime Ministers have given way over the past 50 years - Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, John Major, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.
Palmerston, Asquith, Neville Chamberlain, Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher, though not quite as intellectually pre-eminent, can at least be said to have dominated their Cabinets intellectually.
After a series of affairs, she settled for Dan Macmillan, Harold Macmillan's great-grandson.