Macphail, Agnes Campbell

Macphail, Agnes Campbell

(məkfāl`), 1890–1954, Canadian legislator, b. Ontario. She was elected (1921) to the Canadian House of Commons as a representative of the United Farmers of Ontario and Labor, becoming the first woman in Canada to enter Parliament. On the formation (1933) of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (see New Democratic partyNew Democratic party
(NDP), Canadian political party, founded in 1961 when the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) reorganized itself and entered into close ties with Canadian labor unions, especially the Canadian Labor Congress (CLC).
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, she became a leading member of that party; she served in Parliament until her defeat in 1940. She later was a member of the Ontario legislature (1943–45; 1948–51).

Bibliography

See biography by M. Stewart and D. French (1959).

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