Macracanthorhynchus Infestation

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Macracanthorhynchus Infestation

 

a disease of swine, caused by the parasitization of the small intestines by the thorny-headed worm Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus. The parasites develop with the participation of intermediate hosts— many species of beetles (such as June beetles, sap chafers, ground beetles, and dung beetles). The disease develops after swine jat infested beetles or their larvae. Adult pigs contract the disease most often. When there is considerable infestation, enteritis develops and the pigs exhibit slow growth, become emaciated, and sometimes die. A treatment has not been developed. Prevention of the disease consists in avoiding the use of pastures where there are intermediate hosts.

REFERENCE

Mozgovoi, A. A. Gel’minty domashnikh i dikikh svinei i vyzyvaemye imi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.