bovine spongiform encephalopathy

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bovine spongiform encephalopathy:

see prionprion
, abnormal form of a protein found in mammals, believed to cause a group of diseases known as prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Well-known prion diseases are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and kuru in humans, scrapie in sheep, bovine
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References in periodicals archive ?
However, mad cow disease is not the only cause of vCJD - a fatal human neurodegenerative condition ( according to the WHO  - as both vegetarians and meat-eaters have died from the disease.
The mad cow disease appeared in Great Britain in 1980.
Ibrahim's comments came after Saudi Arabia announced it would suspend imports of Brazilian beef over a suspected case of mad cow disease in the country.
The government has yet to suspend quarantine checks, saying the California dairy cow that contracted mad cow disease was 10 years and seven months old and did not enter the food chain.
Attorneys for USDA argued that the same rapid test kits used by the agency to screen for mad cow disease are "worthless" when used by a private company.
Yet when Creekstone Farms Premium Beef, a processor in Kansas, attempted to implement a 100 percent testing policy to screen cattle for mad cow disease in its facility, the USDA ordered it to stop.
31, 2006 in Nature Biotechnology that they have engineered cattle that are free of the proteins that mutate to cause mad cow disease.
The USDA cites other diseases, in addition to "mad cow disease," as proof that the NAIS is necessary--Asian bird flu, Newcastle Disease, foot-and-mouth disease, and brucellosis.
case of mad cow disease prompted a ban it had only recently lifted.
John Stauber, the co-author of Mad Cow U.S.A, says, "The FDA and the meat industry are totally committed to continuing the practice of feeding slaughterhouse waste to cows." Feed is currently still allowed to include restaurant food scraps and cow blood products, which are routinely fed to calves as a replacement for milk, says Stauber.
It all started when Howard Lyman, an ex-cattle rancher turned vegetarian, shocked Oprah and the nation by revealing on TV that cattle slaughterhouse waste was being fed to cattle, a practice that could lead to mad cow disease--officially known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE--in the United States.
At the end of August, Steve Sundlof, director of the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine, announced that the federal government was closing its investigation into the nation's first case of domestic "mad cow" disease.