Madhab

Madhab

 

(Arabic, literally, “way to act”), a religious and juridical doctrine (school) of Muslim Sunni law.

The madhab (plural, madhahib) arose in the eighth and ninth centuries. Among numerous madhahib, four have been preserved: the Hanifite, Malikite, Shafiyite, and Hanbalite (named for their founders, Abu Hanifah, Malik ibn Anas, al-Shafiya, and Ibn Hanbal). They are accepted as incontrovertible and final authorities in the interpretation of Muslim law. All these doctrines are true to the fundamental tenets of Sunnism, although they differ in numerous details, some of which are significant. For example, Hanifism is more tolerant as to the possibility of using certain components of common law, or adata, and recognizes the administrative regulations of governmental authority. Malikism adheres more zealously to the letter of sacred tradition, or sunna. Shafiyism is a compromise between Hanifism and Malikism. Hanbalism is even more intolerant of the new than is Malikism, accentuating maximum strictness in observing all the norms of sharia.

Hanifism prevails among Muslims in countries populated by Turkic-speaking peoples (including the Soviet Union, except Azerbaijan) and among Chinese, Indian, and Syrian Muslims. Malikism prevails in Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, West Africa, the Sudan, and parts of Egypt. Shafiyism predominates in Egypt, East Africa, and Indonesia; Hanbalism is followed almost exclusively in Saudi Arabia.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Abu Dhabi Civil Defence, the blaze erupted in a villa in Madhab area during the morning.
Colonel Madhab Boro, the team consists of 20 NCC girl cadets, three officers, and 17 Permanent Instructional staff members, the Ministry of Defence said in a statement.
Tenders are invited for Supplying of materials for construction of gravel road from the house of madhab das to 2 no bandher par within balarampur-i gram panchayat under tufanganj-i p.s
The accompanying instrumentalists at the concert included Ravi Chari (sitar), Tanmoy Bose (tabla), Ratul Shankar (drum), Madhab Deka (keyboard) as well as Hricha Debraj Das and Pranav Robin Joseph (vocalists).
The concert will feature Tuomas Kantelinen, conductor; Naveen Kumar, flute; Ravi Chari, sitar; Tanmoy Bose, table; Ratul Shankar, drum; Madhab Deka, keyboard; Hricha Debraj Das, vocals; and Pranav Robin Joseph, vocals.
CPN's senior leader Madhab Kumar Nepal is unhappy with the performance of the party in the government as well as the act of the party leaderships.
"Globally there are 73 different ways of interpreting Islamic law, subject to the school of jurisprudence (madhab), or whether one is Sunni or Shia.
Historian Azyumardi Azra describes the Islam of Indonesia not as an amalgam with Hindu-Buddhism, but as Sunni Islam based on three pillars: Ash'arite theology, Ghazalian Sufism, and the Shafi'i Madhab. According to Azra, it is an Islam of moderation (moderasi), a middle path (wasatiyyah Islam), which seeks to balance sacred revelation and human reason.
However, for the followers of the Hanafi madhab (one of the four Islamic methodologies), it is not.
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Himansu Prasad Acharya (1), Subrat Kumar Pradhan (2), Durga Madhab Satapathy (3), Rudra Prasanna Mishra (4), Upasana Sinha (5)