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Madison, cities, United States
Madison. 1 City (1990 pop. 12,006), seat of Jefferson co., SE Ind., on the Ohio River; settled c.1806, inc. 1838. It is a port of entry and a tobacco marketing center. Among its manufactures are transportation and industrial equipment, shoes, and chemicals. The city has many fine examples of Georgian, Federal, Classical Revival, Gothic, Italianate, and Victorian architecture in its c.2,000-acre (800-hectare) national historic landmark district. An annual regatta is held on the Ohio River. Hanover College is nearby.
2 Borough (1990 pop. 15,850), Morris co., NE N.J., a residential suburb of the New York–New Jersey area; settled 1685, inc. 1889. Drew Univ. and part of Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. are there, and many corporate headquarters are nearby. Originally called Bottle Hill, it was renamed in 1834. Sayre House (1745) in Madison was Gen. Anthony Wayne's headquarters. The borough is noted for its roses.
3 City (1990 pop. 191,262), state capital, and seat of Dane co., S central Wis., on an isthmus between lakes Monona and Mendota, in the Four Lakes group; inc. 1856. It is a trading and manufacturing center in a fertile agricultural region. Foods and beverages, chemicals, machinery, medical supplies, and wood and metal products are made. Madison was founded in 1836, and (through the efforts of James Duane Doty) was chosen territorial capital before it was settled. It is the seat of the Univ. of Wisconsin and Edgewood College, and a U.S. forest-products laboratory is also there. Many parks that dot the wooded lake shores make it an attractive residential city. Among its points of interest are the elaborate capitol, which houses the legislative library organized by Charles McCarthy; a Unitarian church designed by Frank Lloyd Wright; the Overture Center for the Arts; a large arboretum; and Vilas Park, which contains a zoo. The Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center (1997) beside Lake Monona is largely based on Frank Lloyd Wright's design.
Madison, river, United States
a city in the northern USA; capital of Wisconsin. Population, 173,000 (1970); 290,000 including suburbs. Madison is an important highway and railroad transportation junction. Industry employs 17,000 people (1970). The principal industries are radio and electrical equipment, agricultural machinery, meat, milk products, and printing. The city has a university.
ItaniumA CPU family from Intel designed to supersede Intel's x86-based servers. Although an advanced hardware architecture, and even with HP as its major supporter, Itanium gained only a fraction of the server market dominated by the x86 line. In addition, the compilers necessary to take full advantage of Itanium's elaborate architecture were never fully developed. By the time Itanium gained ground in the early 2000s, there were too many x86 servers running worldwide, and x86 performance was improving.
HP-UX (HP's Unix) and several other Unix versions run on Itanium; however, in the 2010 time frame, the Itanium versions of Windows Server, Red Hat Linux and Ubuntu Linux were given end of life.
x86 Kept Advancing
After 64-bit Itanium chips were introduced in 2001, Intel upgraded its x86 CPUs to 64 bits, and over the years added advanced security and fault detection features into high-end x86 Xeon chips. See Intel 64 and Xeon.
Native, x86 and HP PA-RISC Apps
Itaniums run native applications and emulate x86 and HP PA-RISC apps. x86 programs are executed in hardware or in software (see IA-32 Execution Layer). HP PA-RISC apps are translated in software (see Aries). For more on the Itanium architecture, see IA-64.
Model Process Max. Year Tech. Clock Max.Code Name Intro (nm) Speed CoresItanium Merced 2001 180 800 MHz 1 Itanium 2 McKinley 2002 180 1.0 GHz 1 Madison 2003 130 1.6 GHz 1 Deerfield 2003 130 1.0 GHz 1 Hondo 2004 130 1.1 GHz 1 Fanwood 2004 130 1.6 GHz 1 Madison 2004 130 1.7 GHz 1 Montecito 2006 90 1.6 GHz 2 Montvale 2007 90 1.7 GHz 2 Itanium 9300 Tukwila 2010 65 1.7 GHz 4 Itanium 9500 Poulson 2013 32 2.5 GHz 8