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1 City (1990 pop. 12,006), seat of Jefferson co., SE Ind., on the Ohio River; settled c.1806, inc. 1838. It is a port of entry and a tobacco marketing center. Among its manufactures are transportation and industrial equipment, shoes, and chemicals. The city has many fine examples of Georgian, Federal, Classical Revival, Gothic, Italianate, and Victorian architecture in its c.2,000-acre (800-hectare) national historic landmark district. An annual regatta is held on the Ohio River. Hanover College is nearby.

2 Borough (1990 pop. 15,850), Morris co., NE N.J., a residential suburb of the New York–New Jersey area; settled 1685, inc. 1889. Drew Univ. and part of Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. are there, and many corporate headquarters are nearby. Originally called Bottle Hill, it was renamed in 1834. Sayre House (1745) in Madison was Gen. Anthony WayneWayne, Anthony,
1745–96, American Revolutionary general, b. Chester co., Pa. Impetuous and hot-headed, Wayne was sometimes known as "mad Anthony," but he was an able general. Early Career

Not inclined toward academic studies, Wayne became a surveyor in 1763.
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's headquarters. The borough is noted for its roses.

3 City (1990 pop. 191,262), state capital, and seat of Dane co., S central Wis., on an isthmus between lakes Monona and Mendota, in the Four Lakes group; inc. 1856. It is a trading and manufacturing center in a fertile agricultural region. Foods and beverages, chemicals, machinery, medical supplies, and wood and metal products are made. Madison was founded in 1836, and (through the efforts of James Duane Doty) was chosen territorial capital before it was settled. It is the seat of the Univ. of Wisconsin and Edgewood College, and a U.S. forest-products laboratory is also there. Many parks that dot the wooded lake shores make it an attractive residential city. Among its points of interest are the elaborate capitol, which houses the legislative library organized by Charles McCarthyMcCarthy, Charles,
1873–1921, American political scientist and author, b. Brockton, Mass. He organized and directed (1901–21) at Madison, Wis., the first official legislative reference library in the country.
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; a Unitarian church designed by Frank Lloyd WrightWright, Frank Lloyd,
1867–1959, American architect, b. Richland Center, Wis., as Frank Lincoln Wright; he changed his name to honor his mother's family (the Lloyd Joneses). Wright is widely considered the greatest American architect.
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; the Overture Center for the Arts; a large arboretum; and Vilas Park, which contains a zoo. The Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center (1997) beside Lake Monona is largely based on Frank Lloyd Wright's design.


river, 183 mi (295 km) long, rising in Yellowstone National ParkYellowstone National Park,
2,219,791 acres (899,015 hectares), the world's first national park (est. 1872), NW Wyo., extending into Montana and Idaho. It lies mainly on a broad plateau in the Rocky Mts., on the Continental Divide, c.
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, NW Wyo., and flowing W then N through SW Montana to join the Jefferson and Gallatin rivers at the Three Forks of the Missouri. It is impounded by Hebgen Dam in its upper course and by Madison Dam, a power facility, at midcourse. The river is used for irrigation. Earthquake Lake was formed in 1959.



a city in the northern USA; capital of Wisconsin. Population, 173,000 (1970); 290,000 including suburbs. Madison is an important highway and railroad transportation junction. Industry employs 17,000 people (1970). The principal industries are radio and electrical equipment, agricultural machinery, meat, milk products, and printing. The city has a university.


James. 1751--1836, US statesman; 4th president of the US (1809--17). He helped to draft the US Constitution and Bill of Rights. His presidency was dominated by the War of 1812


a city in the US, in S central Wisconsin, on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona: the state capital. Pop.: 218 432 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
the pure Madisonian model in his theory of "political
(4.) John Zvcspcr, "The Madisonian Systems," Political Science Quarterly 37, no.
As independent judges represent the last check on unconstitutional encroachments by the president, Congress and the states, as well as conservatives, classical liberals, and progressives alike are converging around a renewed appreciation for judicial independence--while Taft's Madisonian appeals to the people to educate themselves to exercise "voluntary self-restraint" in order to resist demagogues and to promote public deliberation now seems more prophetic than archaic.
(6) This behemoth is the result of an enormous transfer of power since World War II from the Madisonian institutions to the security managers.
The implicit rejection of a basic Madisonian principle in MacLean's political ideal is odd given her frequent depictions of Buchanan's constitutionalism as a conspiracy to undermine "American democracy." Unfortunately, she offers no evidence that the populist alternative she prefers would produce better results.
permanently warring classes, then the "Madisonian" vision of
Given the current disagreements about whether and to what extent "a regular course of practice" can legitimize constitutional interpretations, this Note attempts to clarify the historical and theoretical content of the Madisonian concept of liquidation.
Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule focus on the special demands of the modern administrative state, in which, they maintain, competence and power belong overwhelmingly to the executive branch, and the traditional, legalistic checks and balances of the "Madisonian republic" are obsolete.
On the assumption that the Madisonian dedication to balance holds, this enormous shift in power has to raise grave questions and concerns.
One the one hand, the Madisonian view entails that shifting competencies upwards is a healthy antidote to the powers of specific interests that may dominate smaller polities.
She's also a former editor (Workbench Magazine and The Winterset Madisonian, amongst other titles), and instructor of English and writing (Grand View University and Iowa State University).
This turns the Madisonian model on its head by downgrading "the standard for legislative approval of wars from a matter of absolute necessity to one of mere expediency."