Madison

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Madison,

river, 183 mi (295 km) long, rising in Yellowstone National ParkYellowstone National Park,
2,219,791 acres (899,015 hectares), the world's first national park (est. 1872), NW Wyo., extending into Montana and Idaho. It lies mainly on a broad plateau in the Rocky Mts., on the Continental Divide, c.
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, NW Wyo., and flowing W then N through SW Montana to join the Jefferson and Gallatin rivers at the Three Forks of the Missouri. It is impounded by Hebgen Dam in its upper course and by Madison Dam, a power facility, at midcourse. The river is used for irrigation. Earthquake Lake was formed in 1959.

Madison.

1 City (1990 pop. 12,006), seat of Jefferson co., SE Ind., on the Ohio River; settled c.1806, inc. 1838. It is a port of entry and a tobacco marketing center. Among its manufactures are transportation and industrial equipment, shoes, and chemicals. The city has many fine examples of Georgian, Federal, Classical Revival, Gothic, Italianate, and Victorian architecture in its c.2,000-acre (800-hectare) national historic landmark district. An annual regatta is held on the Ohio River. Hanover College is nearby.

2 Borough (1990 pop. 15,850), Morris co., NE N.J., a residential suburb of the New York–New Jersey area; settled 1685, inc. 1889. Drew Univ. and part of Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. are there, and many corporate headquarters are nearby. Originally called Bottle Hill, it was renamed in 1834. Sayre House (1745) in Madison was Gen. Anthony WayneWayne, Anthony,
1745–96, American Revolutionary general, b. Chester co., Pa. Impetuous and hot-headed, Wayne was sometimes known as "mad Anthony," but he was an able general. Early Career

Not inclined toward academic studies, Wayne became a surveyor in 1763.
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's headquarters. The borough is noted for its roses.

3 City (1990 pop. 191,262), state capital, and seat of Dane co., S central Wis., on an isthmus between lakes Monona and Mendota, in the Four Lakes group; inc. 1856. It is a trading and manufacturing center in a fertile agricultural region. Foods and beverages, chemicals, machinery, medical supplies, and wood and metal products are made. Madison was founded in 1836, and (through the efforts of James Duane Doty) was chosen territorial capital before it was settled. It is the seat of the Univ. of Wisconsin and Edgewood College, and a U.S. forest-products laboratory is also there. Many parks that dot the wooded lake shores make it an attractive residential city. Among its points of interest are the elaborate capitol, which houses the legislative library organized by Charles McCarthyMcCarthy, Charles,
1873–1921, American political scientist and author, b. Brockton, Mass. He organized and directed (1901–21) at Madison, Wis., the first official legislative reference library in the country.
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; a Unitarian church designed by Frank Lloyd WrightWright, Frank Lloyd,
1867–1959, American architect, b. Richland Center, Wis., as Frank Lincoln Wright; he changed his name to honor his mother's family (the Lloyd Joneses). Wright is widely considered the greatest American architect.
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; the Overture Center for the Arts; a large arboretum; and Vilas Park, which contains a zoo. The Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center (1997) beside Lake Monona is largely based on Frank Lloyd Wright's design.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Madison

 

a city in the northern USA; capital of Wisconsin. Population, 173,000 (1970); 290,000 including suburbs. Madison is an important highway and railroad transportation junction. Industry employs 17,000 people (1970). The principal industries are radio and electrical equipment, agricultural machinery, meat, milk products, and printing. The city has a university.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Madison

1
James. 1751--1836, US statesman; 4th president of the US (1809--17). He helped to draft the US Constitution and Bill of Rights. His presidency was dominated by the War of 1812

Madison

2
a city in the US, in S central Wisconsin, on an isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona: the state capital. Pop.: 218 432 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Itanium

A CPU family from Intel designed to supersede Intel's x86-based servers. Although an advanced hardware architecture, and even with HP as its major supporter, Itanium gained only a fraction of the server market dominated by the x86 line. In addition, the compilers necessary to take full advantage of Itanium's elaborate architecture were never fully developed. By the time Itanium gained ground in the early 2000s, there were too many x86 servers running worldwide, and x86 performance was improving.

HP-UX (HP's Unix) and several other Unix versions run on Itanium; however, in the 2010 time frame, the Itanium versions of Windows Server, Red Hat Linux and Ubuntu Linux were given end of life.

x86 Kept Advancing
After 64-bit Itanium chips were introduced in 2001, Intel upgraded its x86 CPUs to 64 bits, and over the years added advanced security and fault detection features into high-end x86 Xeon chips. See Intel 64 and Xeon.

Native, x86 and HP PA-RISC Apps
Itaniums run native applications and emulate x86 and HP PA-RISC apps. x86 programs are executed in hardware or in software (see IA-32 Execution Layer). HP PA-RISC apps are translated in software (see Aries). For more on the Itanium architecture, see IA-64.

 Model           Process  Max.  Year   Tech.  Clock  Max.Code Name  Intro  (nm)   Speed  CoresItanium
 Merced     2001   180  800 MHz   1

 Itanium 2
 McKinley   2002   180  1.0 GHz   1
 Madison    2003   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Deerfield  2003   130  1.0 GHz   1
 Hondo      2004   130  1.1 GHz   1
 Fanwood    2004   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Madison    2004   130  1.7 GHz   1

 Montecito  2006    90  1.6 GHz   2
 Montvale   2007    90  1.7 GHz   2

 Itanium 9300
 Tukwila    2010    65  1.7 GHz   4

 Itanium 9500
 Poulson    2013    32  2.5 GHz   8
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
the pure Madisonian model in his theory of "political
(4.) John Zvcspcr, "The Madisonian Systems," Political Science Quarterly 37, no.
As independent judges represent the last check on unconstitutional encroachments by the president, Congress and the states, as well as conservatives, classical liberals, and progressives alike are converging around a renewed appreciation for judicial independence--while Taft's Madisonian appeals to the people to educate themselves to exercise "voluntary self-restraint" in order to resist demagogues and to promote public deliberation now seems more prophetic than archaic.
(6) This behemoth is the result of an enormous transfer of power since World War II from the Madisonian institutions to the security managers.
The implicit rejection of a basic Madisonian principle in MacLean's political ideal is odd given her frequent depictions of Buchanan's constitutionalism as a conspiracy to undermine "American democracy." Unfortunately, she offers no evidence that the populist alternative she prefers would produce better results.
permanently warring classes, then the "Madisonian" vision of
Given the current disagreements about whether and to what extent "a regular course of practice" can legitimize constitutional interpretations, this Note attempts to clarify the historical and theoretical content of the Madisonian concept of liquidation.
Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule focus on the special demands of the modern administrative state, in which, they maintain, competence and power belong overwhelmingly to the executive branch, and the traditional, legalistic checks and balances of the "Madisonian republic" are obsolete.
On the assumption that the Madisonian dedication to balance holds, this enormous shift in power has to raise grave questions and concerns.
She's also a former editor (Workbench Magazine and The Winterset Madisonian, amongst other titles), and instructor of English and writing (Grand View University and Iowa State University).
This turns the Madisonian model on its head by downgrading "the standard for legislative approval of wars from a matter of absolute necessity to one of mere expediency."