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(chĕn`nī), formerly


(mədrăs`, mədräs`), city (1991 pop. 5,421,985), capital of Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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 state, SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. A commercial, railway, and manufacturing center, Chennai has large textile mills, chemical plants, and tanneries and is the main center of India's automobile industry. Providing offshore and back-office services to foreign corporations is also an important industry. Together with docks and warehouses, its harbor provides modern transportation linkages to peninsular India. A cultural center, the city is the seat of the Univ. of Madras (1857), institutes of dance and music, and a number of museums. There are many large public buildings; a famous shore drive, the Marina; and Guindy National Park. Near Chennai is Mt. St. Thomas, the traditional site of the martyrdom (A.D. 68) of St. ThomasThomas, Saint,
one of the Twelve Apostles, called Didymus. According to John, he refused to believe in the resurrection until he saw Jesus' wounds; hence the expression "doubting Thomas." John 11.16; 14.5; 20.24–29; 21.2.
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, the apostle. He is said to be buried in Chennai at the Cathedral of St. Thomé.

The city, as Madras, became an important British trading center, growing largely around Fort St. George, a British outpost (1645) at the site of an earlier British settlement (1639) that became the seat of the British East India Company until 1773 and the capital of the Madras presidency (1653). The French captured Madras in 1746, but the British recovered it two years later. The presidency became a province (1937) and, with Indian independence, a state (1950), renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969. In 1996 the city was renamed Chennai, after Chennapatnam, a precolonial village near the original British outpost. Coastal areas of the city were hit by the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami.

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References in periodicals archive ?
"I've had five decades in this industry, and I've played to all nationalities," says Engelbert - who was born Arnold Dorsey in Madras, India - "so I think that'll make a connection with the audience.
BORN Arnold George Dorsey on May 2, 1936, in Madras, India. He is one of 10 children born to soldier Mervyn and his wife Olive, who had Indian heritage.
"Doesn't Tam know that Engelbert Humperdinck was born in Madras, India?" asked William.
Pete was born Randolph Peter Best in Madras, India in 1941 and moved to Liverpool at the age of three in 1945 as World War II drew to a close.
Paul Bremer at the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad, Iraq; Principal Officer and Consul General at the US Consulate in Dubai, UAE; Political Officer at the US Embassy in Cairo, Egypt; Deputy Chief of the Consular Section in Warsaw, Poland; Consular Officer in Madras, India; and General Services Officer in Kathmandu, Nepal.In Washington, Krajeski has previously served as the Director and Deputy Director of the Office of Northern Gulf Affairs in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.
The conference, organised by Aim, the events division of Abu Dhabi University is a follow-up to previous conferences held at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India in December 2009; Pusan National University, Korea in October 2008; Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York, USA in September 2007; University of Sao Paulo, Brazil in October 2006; Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China in September 2004 as well as the Environmentally Benign Manufacturing workshop held in Birmingham, Alabama, USA in January 2003.
He received his Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Madras, India and attended the University of California, Berkeley for his Master of Science in Industrial Engineering and Doctor of Philosophy in Operations Research.
the Def Poetry Jam on HBO, and Madras, India, to the Ford Theater in Los
Madhavan earned a bachelor of engineering degree from the University of Madras, India, and a master's degree in biomedical engineering and a master's of business administration degree, both from the State University of New York.
Cynthia said the couple, originally of Madras, India, didn't even wait for the show house to open before signing up for their five-bedroom Maxwell home from CALA's award winning Lauriston range.
Abraham Verghese, MD, was born and raised in Ethiopia, studying medicine there and in Madras, India. Currently, he is the director of the Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and the holder of the Joaquin Cigarroa, Jr.