Madurai


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Madurai

(mədo͝orī`), city (1991 pop. 1,085,914), Tamil Nadu state, S India, on the Vaigai River. It is known as the "city of festivals and temples" and is the second largest city in Tamil Nadu. The Meenakshi temple (rebuilt 16th–17th cent.), which has 1,000 carved pillars, is especially famous. Madurai is also an educational and cultural center and a market for tea, coffee, and cardamom. Important industries are the weaving and dyeing of silk and muslin cloth. As Mathurai, the city was the capital of the Pandya kingdom (5th cent. B.C.–11th cent. A.D.). In the 14th cent. it was captured by Muslim invaders, who held it until 1378, when it became part of the Hindu Vijayanagar kingdom. From c.1550 until 1736 the city was the capital of the Nayak kingdom. The Carnatic Nawabs then gained control and in 1801 ceded it to the British (see IndiaIndia,
officially Republic of India, republic (2005 est pop. 1,080,264,000), 1,261,810 sq mi (3,268,090 sq km), S Asia. The second most populous country in the world, it is also sometimes called Bharat, its ancient name. India's land frontier (c.
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). The Nayak palace (17th cent.) is a notable building in Madurai.

Madurai

 

a city in southern India, on the Vaigai River, in the state of Tamil Nadu. Population, 548,300 (1971). Railroad junction. It is an important commercial center and one of India’s most important centers for the production of textiles (cotton and silk). Cottage industries include the manufacture of fabrics, brass working, and wood carving (artistic furnishings).

Madurai was mentioned in the second century as the capital of the Pandyan Kingdom. Between 1334 and 1371 it was the capital of the Pandyan Sultanate. Madurai subsequently became an administrative center of the Vijayanagar empire. From 1565 to 1737 it was the capital of the Vijayanagar state.

Madurai is the site of the large temple complex of Siva (12th-17th centuries), with the hall of a thousand pillars (Mandapam, c. 1560), fortress walls with exquisitely carved gopurams (tower gates), a sacred pool (Tank of Golden Lotus) surrounded by a colonnade and gallery with murals, the Meenakshi Temple, and other structures. The palace of Tirumala Nayak (17th century; portico, 1866) is located 1 km outside of Madurai.

Madurai

a city in S India, in S Tamil Nadu: centre of Dravidian culture for over 2000 years; cotton industry. Pop.: 922 913 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
On the Chennai-Madurai sector of the additional service flights will leave Chennai at 10:35 and arrive in Madurai at 11:55, departing for the return journey at 16:10 and arriving in Chennai at 17:30.
In the city of world famous Meenakshi Temple, the Heritage Madurai stands tall as an unique and outstanding architectural splendor of the bygone era converted to soothe and relax the stress of today's high pressure existence".
Today, the city is noted for its rich heritage, culture and historical background and is well-known amongst Hindus because of the story that Lord Shiva himself performed 64 'wonders' called Thiruvilaiyadals in Madurai many centuries ago.
Mohan, claiming himself to be from a suicide squad, warned Ms Jayalalithaa against visiting Madurai to address a rally on October 18.
The minister stressed the need to link Madurai with other parts of the country and said international flights could be operated from here if operators are willing to do so.
Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India] January 15 ( ANI ): A 19-year-old spectator was reportedly gored to death by a bull during the controversial bull-taming sport, Jallikattu, today in Madurai.
Summary: Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India], JAN 11 (ANI): The Madurai district administration on Thursday made the Aadhaar registration mandatory for bull tamers who wished participate in the annually organised festival of the Jallikattu celebrations.
Tenders are invited for Maintenance and civil repair works at ag office madurai 2017 2018
Summary: Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India], September 27 (ANI): In a bizarre and weird incident, several girls decked up like goddesses were made to participate bare-chested at a festival in Vellalur in Tamil Nadu's Madurai district.
Madurai (Tamil Nadu), May 15 ( ANI ): The South Indian harvest festival of 'Chithirai' was celebrated in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, recently.
Tenders are invited for Development works at 45th bn itbp campus idayapatti madurai sh maintenance of 2000 tree saplings recall 1
Madurai, Dec 14 ( ANI ): Union Minister MK Alagiri's son Durai Dayanidhi on Friday surrendered at a Madurai court three days after being granted anticipatory bail in connection with the multi-crore granite scam by the Madras High Court.