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South Africa: see MahikengMahikeng,
formerly Mafikeng
or Mafeking
, city (2011 pop. 290,269), capital of North West prov., N central South Africa, near the border of Botswana. It is the market for the surrounding cattle-raising and dairy-farming area and is an important railroad depot.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the Republic of South Africa; capital of Bechuanaland (present-day Botswana) until 1965. Population, 10,000 (estimate). Railroad junction. There are railroad work-shops and a creamery in Mafeking.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This work for scholars and history buffs gathers primary sources to tell the story of the sieges of the towns of Ladysmith, Magersfontein, Spion Kop, Kimberley, and Mafeking during the Boer War that began in late 1899 (also known as the Second Boer War or the Great Boer War).
Mafeking veteran in quest for comrades A BOER War veteran has come home to Cardiff after spending almost 66 years in Canada.
it, no states for course, 1900: The besieged town of Mafeking - the defenders ably led by future Boy Scouts founder Robert Baden Powell - was relieved by British forces in the Boer War after 217 days.
Her best run since joining the former jump jockey came earlier in the week at her spiritual home, where she finished with a rattle to get to within a length of Mafeking.
Chris Catlin and Mafeking took the feature event, a 1mhandicap, beating the well-backed pair Baylini and Layline by a length and half a length.
Meanwhile, Mafeking showed he wa s not i nconv en ienc ed by dropping back to a mile by the first t ime in over three years when landing a last-gasp success in the 2.20 at Lingfield.
Who commanded the British garrison during the siege of Mafeking? ANSWERS: 1 Thomas Gainsborough; 2 Lead; 3 Jerry Springer; 4 300 points; 5 Meniscus; 6 Split infinitive; 7 The Vicar Of Dibley; 8 The giraffe; 9 Malaysia; 10 Robert Baden-Powell.
To give a sense of how widespread these murderous wanton shootings were, reports were filed in ten towns in the Northern Cape (Gordonia, Richmond, Prieska, Philipstown, Namaqualand, Calvinia, Hopetown, Barkly West, Carnarvon, and Colesberg); five towns in the Eastern Cape (Fort Beaufort, Cradock, Steytlerville, Graaf-Teinet, Aliwal North); three towns in Western Cape (Swellendam, Oudtshoorn, Riversdale); and one town in North West Cape (Mafeking).
As old Sammy pointed out, the practice has been going on since he was a boy - and he can predate the relief of Mafeking!
Thus we have four from Mynhardt's own audio collection Tales of the Boer War, two from Bosman at his best, nine from Unto dust, seven from Mafeking road, and, finally, the title story from A Bekkersdal marathon.
This was a vainglorious attempt to emulate Baden Powell at the siege of Mafeking in the Boer War.