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Magadha(mŭ`gädə), ancient Indian kingdom, situated within the area of the modern states of BiharBihar
, state (2001 provisional pop. 82,878,796), 36,420 sq mi (94,328 sq km), E central India. Patna is the capital. Bihar is bounded by Nepal (N) and by Indian states—West Bengal (E), Jharkhand (S), and Uttar Pradesh (W).
..... Click the link for more information. and JharkhandJharkhand,
state (2001 provisional pop. 26,909,428), 30,775 sq mi (79,714 sq km), E central India; created in 2000 from S Bihar, which now forms its northern border. Other bordering states are Chhattisgarh (W), West Bengal (E), and Odisha (Orissa; S). The capital is Ranchi.
..... Click the link for more information. . Its capital was Pataliputra (now PatnaPatna
, city (1991 pop. 1,099,647), capital of Bihar state, NE India, on the Ganges River. It is the hub of a rice-growing region and is an administrative, commercial, and educational center. There is good transportation by road, rail, and air. The ancient name was Pataliputra.
..... Click the link for more information. ). The kingdom rose to prominence in the mid-7th cent. B.C. and rapidly extended its frontiers, especially under the rule of Bimbisara (c.540–c.490). Magadha fell (c.325) to ChandraguptaChandragupta
(Chandragupta Maurya) , fl. c.321 B.C.–c.298 B.C., Indian emperor, founder of the Maurya dynasty and grandfather of Aśoka. He conquered the Magadha kingdom (in modern Bihar and Jharkhand) and eventually controlled all India N of the Vindhya Hills. In c.
..... Click the link for more information. , who made the kingdom the nucleus of the Mauryan empire. After a period of obscurity, it recovered importance in the 4th cent. A.D. as the power-base of the GuptaGupta
, Indian dynasty, A.D. c.320–c.550, whose empire at its height encompassed much of N India. Ancient Indian culture reached a high point during this period. Gupta paintings adorned the caves of Ajanta, its sculpture embellished the temples of Ellora, and its
..... Click the link for more information. dynasty. Buddhism and Jainism first developed in Magadha, and the Buddha used the Magadhi dialect of Sanskrit.
a historical region and state in ancient India, on part of the territory of modern south Bihar. The rise of Magadha began in the seventh century B.C. In the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., during the reign of Bimbisara and Ajatasatru, Magadha became much stronger as a result of successful wars with its neighbors. Magadha was the nucleus of important Indian empires: those of the Nanda (fourth century B.C.), Maurya (fourth to second centuries B.C.), and Gupta dynasties (fourth to sixth centuries A.D.). Magadha was a major economic and cultural center of ancient India and the cradle of early Buddhism and Jainism. By the tenth century the designation “Magadha” went out of use.