Essaouira

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Essaouira

(ĕsəwēr`ə), city, W Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. Essaouira's pleasant climate and picturesque location, buildings, and ruins have made it a tourist resort. Fishing and cabinetry and wood carving are also economically important. The modern city was founded in 1760 by Sultan Muhammad ibn-Abdullah. In 1844 the French bombarded the city to force Morocco to stop supporting Abd al-KaderAbd al-Kader
, c.1807–1883, Algerian military and religious leader. Although born to an anti-Turkish family, he was chosen emir of Mascara to fight the French invaders who had just defeated the Turks.
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, leader of an Algerian resistance movement. The city declined when AgadirAgadir
, city (1994 pop. 155,244), SW Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. Agadir has metal-processing industries and exports fruit and vegetables. While France was establishing a protectorate in Morocco, the German gunboat Panther
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 was opened to foreign trade in the 20th cent. The city is a center of Gnawa music, a religious music traditionally used in healing ceremonies that mixes Berber, Arabic, and African elements. Essaouira was formerly called Mogador.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Essaouira

 

(formerly Mogador), a city in Morocco. Population, 30,100 (1971). Essaouira is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Industry is represented by food processing (primarily fish canning), metalworking, and the production of leather goods. Handicrafts include jewelry-making and the production of copper ware. The city exports fish products, olive oil, wool, and cereals. Oil and natural gas deposits are located near Essaouira.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Essaouira

a port in SW Morocco on the Atlantic. Pop.: 84 000 (2003)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005