Magdala

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Magdala

(măg`dələ), in the New Testament, home of Mary MagdaleneMary Magdalene
[traditionally Greek,=of Magdala], Christian saint, a woman widely venerated in Christendom. The name Madeleine is a French form of Magdalene. She appears in the New Testament as a woman whose evil spirits are cast out by Jesus, as a watcher at the Cross, as an
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. It is identified with Migdal, Israel, a town on the west shore of the Sea of Galilee, and the neighboring site of the former Arab village of Al-Majdal. Excavations begun there in 2009 have unearthed an ancient synagogue and other structures that date to the 1st cent. A.D.

Magdala

(mäg`dälä, măg`dələ), former name of

Amba Mariam

(äm`bə mär`ēəm), village, Amhara region, central Ethiopia. Emperor Tewodros IITewodros II
or Theodore II,
1818–68, emperor of Ethiopia (1855–68), originally named Kasa or Lij Kasa. He was a commoner and a bold and clever warrior.
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 (Theodore II) in the mid-19th cent. used Magdala as the base of operations for his conquest of the surrounding OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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 territory. In 1867 he made it his capital and imprisoned several British diplomats there. In 1868 a British military expedition under Sir Robert NapierNapier, Robert Cornelis, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala
, 1810–90, British general. In the engineering service in India, he fought in the Sikh Wars (1845–49) and took part in the relief of Lucknow (1857) during
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 rescued the prisoners, destroyed Magdala, and prompted Tewodros's suicide. For his exploits Napier was later named Baron Napier of Magdala.