Strait of Magellan

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Related to Magellan Strait: Tierra del Fuego, Drake Passage, Bering Strait

Magellan, Strait of,

c.330 mi (530 km) long and 2 1-2 to 15 mi (4–24 km) wide, separating South America from Tierra del FuegoTierra del Fuego
, [Span.,=land of fire], archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 sq km), off S South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. It consists of one large island (sometimes called simply Tierra del Fuego), five medium-sized islands, and numerous
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 and other islands south of the continent. Except for a few miles at its eastern end in Argentina, it passes through Chile. The strait, discovered by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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 in 1520, was important in the days of sailing ships, especially before the building of the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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, and is still used by ships rounding South America. One of the most scenic waterways in the world, it affords an inland passage protected from almost continuous ocean storms. However, the strait is often foggy. The major city on the strait is Punta Arenas, on the mainland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Magellan, Strait of


a strait between the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The coastline belongs to Chile. The strait is about 550 km long and 3.3 km wide at its narrowest point and has a minimum depth in the channel of 31-33 m. The northwestern part is the narrower, more winding, and deeper, with a steep, rocky coast from which glaciers descend into the water. The northeastern part is broader and shallower, with low lagoon banks. Navigation is treacherous because of strong westerly winds and numerous underwater rocks and shoals. In the narrows the tidal currents reach 25 km/hr. The chief port is Punta Arenas. The strait was discovered and first crossed by F. Magellan in 1520.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alberto D'Agostini National Park is located to the south of the Magellan region and comprises all the islands to the south of the Magellan Strait and to the west of Navarino Island, as well as part of the Tierra del Fuego Island south of Almirantazgo Sound (Fig.
Construction of the $314 million Magellan Strait Pipeline was awarded to Consorcio Magallanes AllSeas-Boskalis, a Dutch company, with TGS in charge of administering the new infrastructure.
A small museum in the house conserves family heirlooms, early maps of the area and items rescued from shipwrecks when the Magellan Strait was a major thoroughfare for adventure-seekers en route to California during the 1849 gold rush.
Equally perversely, given that the Victoria's passage south of Java had proved that it was an island, the Dieppe mapmakers and others provided a narrow passage, analogous to Magellan Strait, to divide this Little Java from Marco Polo's Java La Grande, the largest island in the world (Fig.
As to contract awards, Socotherm, through its subsidiary Socotherm Americas, has won a contract to provide thermal insulation and concrete weight coating on pipe that will be laid in the Magellan Strait that separates South America from Tierra del Fuego and other islands south of the continent and connecting the southern Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
The attempt to find the elusive sea passage began again in earnest in October 1520, and after only three days a passage was found between the South American mainland and Tierra del Fuego which has been known ever since as the Magellan Strait. Thirty-eight days later, to great rejoicing and a service of thanksgiving, the flotilla emerged into the Pacific Ocean.
Biogeographically, the southern zone of Chile comprising the area between Puerto Montt (41[degrees] S) and Cape Horn (55[degrees]S), is subdivided by Viviani (1979) into three regions, where there have been several studies on jellyfish: a) the Northern Patagonian Zone, from Puerto Montt (41[degrees]S) to the Taitao Peninsula (46[degrees]-47[degrees]S) (Galea, 2007; Galea et al, 2007; Palma et al, 2007a, 2007b; Villenas et al., 2009; Bravo et al., 2011), b) the Central Patagonian Zone to the Magellan Strait (52[degrees]30'S) (Haussermann et al, 2009), and d) the Southern Patagonian Zone to Cape Horn (56[degrees]S) (Pages & Orejas, 1999).
Bitar was Minister of Mining under Allende and was detained with other members of the Allende cabinet and taken to a labor camp on Dawson Island in the Magellan Straits. He was then exiled from Chile and lived in the US for 10 years, returning to Chile in 1984.
On September 3, the Admiralty ordered Cradock to abandon the Caribbean and proceed south to, and through, the Magellan Straits, commencing a search of the western coast of South America for the East Asiatic Cruiser Squadron.
On the way back, the ship was caught in a perilous storm north o the Magellan Straits, an important trade route o the Chilean coast.
By evening the waters had become choppy and I realised we had popped back out into the Pacific again, but it was only for a short time before turning into the legendary Magellan Straits, reviving schoolboy memories of Ferdinand Magellan, the explorer who discovered the route which allowed ships to pass safely from the Pacific to the Atlantic ocean some 400 years before the Panama Canal was opened with the same objective.