Strait of Magellan

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Magellan, Strait of,

c.330 mi (530 km) long and 2 1-2 to 15 mi (4–24 km) wide, separating South America from Tierra del FuegoTierra del Fuego
, [Span.,=land of fire], archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 sq km), off S South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. It consists of one large island (sometimes called simply Tierra del Fuego), five medium-sized islands, and numerous
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 and other islands south of the continent. Except for a few miles at its eastern end in Argentina, it passes through Chile. The strait, discovered by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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 in 1520, was important in the days of sailing ships, especially before the building of the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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, and is still used by ships rounding South America. One of the most scenic waterways in the world, it affords an inland passage protected from almost continuous ocean storms. However, the strait is often foggy. The major city on the strait is Punta Arenas, on the mainland.

Magellan, Strait of

 

a strait between the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The coastline belongs to Chile. The strait is about 550 km long and 3.3 km wide at its narrowest point and has a minimum depth in the channel of 31-33 m. The northwestern part is the narrower, more winding, and deeper, with a steep, rocky coast from which glaciers descend into the water. The northeastern part is broader and shallower, with low lagoon banks. Navigation is treacherous because of strong westerly winds and numerous underwater rocks and shoals. In the narrows the tidal currents reach 25 km/hr. The chief port is Punta Arenas. The strait was discovered and first crossed by F. Magellan in 1520.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Yubarta Foundation has been studying humpbacks off the coasts of Buenaventura, Colombia for seventeen years, but eight of the same whales have been seen in the Magellan Straits, too.
SEB sailed under jury rig to the Chilean coast and motored through the Cockburn Channel into the Magellan Straits. On the morning of 15 February she arrived in Punta Arenas, where she was to be loaded aboard a freighter and shipped to Rio to be fitted with a new mast for the fifth leg to Miami, starting on 9 March.
Several of these contracts have been signed in the past, including those with GEOMAR for gold exploration in the Magellan Straits, and those with Southern Cross Mining for exploration in Chanaral Bay in the Third Region.
Tote: win pounds 26.30 places pounds 14.70 pounds 1.10 Tote Exacta: pounds 110.20 CSF: pounds 56.30 6.35 1 PUTNEY BRIDGE (T J O'Brien) 10-11F 2 Baren De Doc (IRE) (9-2) 3 Magellan Straits (13-2) 5 ran 23, 18.
Googling a runner Magellan Straits 1.05 Aintree It is the navigable waterway between the tip of southern Chile and the island of Tierra del Fuego, linking the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
Sue Smith likes nothing better than a winner at Haydock, and her Magellan Straits holds leading claims in the Blue Square "Fixed Brush" Novices' Hurdle Final Bonus Race (2.55).
The latest was in a fair novices event won by Magellan Straits in which he travelled well until tiring over the last two flights and finishing third.
They had passed along the Magellan Straits, through the many channels of the archipelago, or even round the Horn.
His orders were to cover the Magellan Straits, the River Plate with its important grain and meat trade, and the Chilean coastline on the west.
The EBF Final was his main objective, but he's well enough to have one more run before he goes home." Sue Smith, trainer of Magellan Straits and Karmadice "Magellan Straits is a nice horse who is still very green.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 12.40 Alasao, 1.10 Calgary Bay (nap), 1.40 Walkon, 2.10 The Gangerman, 2.40 King Lok, 3.10 Quartano, 3.40 Magellan Straits.
Haydock 2.25 Flake, 2.55 Magellan Straits, 3.30 Well Disguised, 4.05 Tom's Toybox, 5.45 Ballymacduff.