Maghreb


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 32,726,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
..... Click the link for more information.
, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2005 est. pop. 32,532,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
..... Click the link for more information.
, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,075,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
..... Click the link for more information.
 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
..... Click the link for more information.
 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2005 est. pop. 273,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
..... Click the link for more information.
 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
References in periodicals archive ?
Libyan foreign minister Ashour ben Khayal said security and stability in the Arab Maghreb region needed security collaboration in order to crack down on extremist and terrorist groups.
Speaking at the opening of the event, Tunisia's President Moncef Marzouki expressed hope that the Maghreban summit in Tunis next October 10, 2012 will lay the basis for a Maghreb where citizens have the freedom of movement, residence and labor and where they will be free to invest and enjoy their Maghreban citizenship.
Border posts and airports have been informed about this decision, which has been taken in the framework bilateral conventions sealed with Maghreb Union countries, including Algeria.
Though the countries of the Maghreb are quite disparate politically, they had all come to the realization that economic instability - which they had all been experiencing - breeds political instability, and they could gain much through greater cooperation.
In addition to the Jeffara Block, Union Texas Maghreb is operator of and has a 50% working interest in the Ramla block offshore Tunisia in the Gulf of Gabes.
The Rating Watch for Eqdom's Long- and Short-term ratings will be resolved once the transaction is approved by the Moroccan regulator and Maghreb Rating has assessed the full impact of this acquisition on the company's risk profile.
He recalled that the Maghreb region achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of $ 430 billion in 2012, while that of Turkey stood at 791 billion dollars, adding that this level of growth does not help absorb the level of unemployment in the region.
Taking the floor during this ceremony, Moroccan Minister Delegate in charge of Relations with the Parliament and the Civil Society Lahbib Choubani said that President Marzouki had been the "first" to advocate for the Maghreb citizen's fundamental rights and for consecration of the five freedoms, namely, the freedom of movement, residence, labour, investment and vote in municipal elections, according to the Moroccan news agency (MAP).
Interestingly, President Francois Hollande wore a Maghreb cloak as he spoke about the benefits that the Maghreb Union can bring to its people, as well as its European, Arab and African neighbors.
Morocco considers that the existence of a unified Arab Maghreb may be a factor of stability in the Sahel-Saharan region, and that strong security cooperation among the Maghreb countries is the best guarantee for coordinated actions to meet the security challenges in the Sahel-Saharan region.
Le Conseil a souligne dans ce sens la necessite pour les pays du Maghreb d'oeuvrer pour lutter contre ces dangers, mettant l'accent sur l'imperatif d'intensifier les efforts dans le cadre de la responsabilite commune et ce au niveau bilateral et sur le plan de l'action maghrebine, regionale et internationale tout en tenant compte des engagements internationaux de chaque pays du Maghreb qui s'inscrivent dans le cadre des strategies des Nations Unies et des accords internationaux y afferents.
However, what the union has achieved so far falls short of people's aspirations, the Maghreb officials said.