Maghreb


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Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 32,726,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
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, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2005 est. pop. 32,532,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
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, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,075,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2005 est. pop. 273,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: The Moroccan constitution is the only in the region to have elevated the building of the Maghreb to a "strategic choice," Foreign Minister Saad Eddine El Otmani said on Friday in Tunis.
Border posts and airports have been informed about this decision, which has been taken in the framework bilateral conventions sealed with Maghreb Union countries, including Algeria.
Though the countries of the Maghreb are quite disparate politically, they had all come to the realization that economic instability - which they had all been experiencing - breeds political instability, and they could gain much through greater cooperation.
The Rating Watch for Eqdom's Long- and Short-term ratings will be resolved once the transaction is approved by the Moroccan regulator and Maghreb Rating has assessed the full impact of this acquisition on the company's risk profile.
said strengthening co-operation between AMU countries helps meet the challenges faced by the Maghreb including terrorism.
Maghreb urban youths (15 to 24 year olds) show a similar weekly usage of internet services and apps as young people in other western countries, such as the UK and the US.
Interestingly, President Francois Hollande wore a Maghreb cloak as he spoke about the benefits that the Maghreb Union can bring to its people, as well as its European, Arab and African neighbors.
The president added optimistically that, "this summit would be a historical milestone, which would revive the bygone aura of the Maghreb region.
The Presidential Council of the Union of Arab Maghreb will convene before the end of the current year," said Khayal, who chairs the 30th session of the council.
At a time when changes engulf the Arab World, the closed border since 1994 between Morocco and Algeria continues to impede Maghreb integration, the study said.
The opening session was attended among others by the Secretary of the General People's Congress, Secretary of the Maghreb General Union, the head of the Union's Shura Council, the speaker of the Moroccan parliament and coordinator of the General Movement of the Revolutionary Committees.
Steve Ballmer, CEO, Microsoft Corporation and Khaled Bichara, Board Member of Orascom Telecom Holding, recently launched a new MSN Maghreb portal at a press conference in Skhirat.